地理学报 ›› 1983, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 273-283.doi: 10.11821/xb198303007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

关于我国轻纺工业区位选择因素的探讨

李为   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1983-07-15 发布日期:1983-07-15

A STUDY ON THE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE LOCATION SELECTION FOR LIGHT INDUSTRY IN CHINA

Li Wei   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1983-07-15 Published:1983-07-15

摘要: 工业布局中的区位选择问题是工业地理学研究的核心问题之一。因为,选择合理的或者最佳的区位,将会给工业生产和布局带来良好的经济效果。

关键词: 轻纺工业, 工业的区位选择, 工业部门, 农业原料, 工业区位, 糖厂, 限制因素, 甜菜糖, 失重, 运费

Abstract: The locational selection for industries i s one of the core problem in the study of indu-strial geography, because to select a rational or optimum location will bring forth good eco-nomic effectiveness for industrial production and distribution. The present paper discusses the facts that influence the selection of location for light industry,1. The paper analysis a number of factors, such as: raw material, energy resources, comsumption, transportation, water supply and water quality, labour force etc. that influen-cing the Location selection for Light industries. Among these, the raw material is the lea-ding factor because of their weightlessness, effectiveness for a given period of time and diffi-cult to transport. Then according to the extent of their influence, the author based on cer-tain economic technological index classified them into groups.2. The author inquired into the restrictive factors for location option, especially the leading factors. From the point of raw materials and comsumption factors, discussed the reasonable locational orientation. Depending on the previous discussion, the light industry orientation are divided into 1. the industry orientation determined by raw material; 2. the industry orientation determined by comsumption; 3. the industry of mixed orientation.3. Some macroscope factors that condiiioned the locational selection of light indus-try, such as the rational development and utilization of resources, pollution control and en-vironmental protection, economic coordination between regions etc. are discussed too.