地理学报 ›› 1983, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (1): 80-89.doi: 10.11821/xb198301009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论现代地图学的体系

廖克   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1983-01-15 发布日期:1983-01-15

ON THE MODERN CARTOGRAPHIC SYSTEM

Liao Ke   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1983-01-15 Published:1983-01-15

摘要: 地图虽然产生很早,但建立地图学科,却从二十世纪才开始。长期以来,国际和国内地图学界,在各种地图学著作和教科书中,把地图学称作研究地图编制方法技术的科学,包括数学制图学、地图编制学和地图制印学三门分支学科,或把地图学分为地图学概论、数学制图学、地图编制学、地图整饰、地图制印五个部分,即五门分支学科。

关键词: 实用地图学, 地图信息论, 地图传输, 现代地图学, 普通地图制图学, 机助制图, 制图综合, 理论地图学, 地图制印, 专题地图制图学

Abstract: This paper is divided into four parts. The first part is a brief review on the deve-lopment of modern cartography and emphasis on the introduction of various views of cartographers (E. IMHOF, K. A SALISHCHEV, A. H. EOBINSON, L. EATAJSKI, J. BEETIN, A. KOLACNE, C. BOAED, A. F. ASLANIKASHVILI, I. KEESCHMEE, and U. FEEITAG E.C.T) on the "Theoretical cartography" and "Practical cartogra-phy".In the second part the inadequacies in the cartographcal system which have been put forward in the world are analysed and studied, and then the author expresses his views on the system of modern cartography. The system consists of three parts: the-oretical cartography (the theoretical base of cartography), practical cartography (me-thodology and technology of cartography) and applied cartography (applied principle and method of maps).Theoretical cartography includes elements of cartography, theory of cartographic information, theory of cartographic modelling, theory of cartographic communication, mathematical cartography, semiology of cartography (sign theory in cartography), theory of perception of cartography (theory of Cartographic experiences), theory of cartographic generalization and theory of complex mapping.Practical cartography consists of general cartography, thematic cartography, aero-space cartography, computer-assisted cartography and cartographic reproduction.Applied cartography describes the function of maps, estimation of maps, methodo-logy of analysis of maps, process of map use, method of map use, auto-analytical cartogra-phic system and application of maps.In the last part the author points out the real significance of modern system for the future cartographic study, teaching and the development of mapping production.