地理学报 ›› 1983, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (1): 25-32.doi: 10.11821/xb198301003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

1400—1949年广东省的气候振动及其对粮食丰歉的影响

郑斯中   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1983-01-15 发布日期:1983-01-15

CLIMATIC FLUCTUATION AND ITS EFFECT ON FOODPRODUCTION DURING THE PERIOD 1400-949IN GUANGDONG PROVINCE

Zheng Si-zhong   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1983-01-15 Published:1983-01-15

摘要: 在1979年制定的“世界气候计划”中,订进了“气候对人类影响的研究计划”,作为它的四个子计划之一,占据了醒目位置。这个子计划的目的,在于增进对气候在社会经济和环境系统中作用的了解,改进气候知识的应用,提高人类适应气候变异的能力。

关键词: 气候振动, 台风, 饥荒, 粮食, 1949年, 年值, 湿润指数, 广东省, 气候事件, 偏回归平方和

Abstract: In this paper, an attempt has been made to study the climatic fluctuation during the period 1400-1949 AD in Guangdong province, and discuss how it effects food production and causes cyclic fluctuation of famines and bumper harvests. All the data are collected from chronological records of regional geography that called Fangzhi in Chinese.From power spectrum analysis, the fluctuation of severe cold has cycles of about 2-3 decades and 15 decades. Flood and drought have their own cycles, such as 23.1 yr cycle for flood and 30.0 yr cycle for drought, both exceeding 95% of confidence limit. It seems that the long-period fluctuation of typhoon fluctuates similarly in phase with severe cold. Drought and flood occurred freq uently in the cold period, meanwhile the index of humidity decreased. These evidences imply that during the Little Ice Age the variability of precipitation increased, the annual precipitation decreased, and the climate of Guangdong became more continental.The occurrence of famine depends on the degree of flood damage, cold damage and drought damage, especially on the impact of the last one. The slighter the damages of flood, drought and severe cold, the more frequent of bumper harvest.Typhoon is another effective factor on food production. The magnitude of decade value of typhoon presents a negative correlation with the decade value of famine, but a positive one with that of bumper harvest. Undoubtedly, invasions of typhoon destroy crops and incur losses of both life and wealth to inhabitants along the coast. But, on the other side, typhoon carries abundant rainfall to vast areas. When the Pacific High persists in summer, rainfall carried by typhoon can satisfy the water needs for crops.A schematic diagram correlating climate, famine and bumper harvest in this article may be considered as a preliminary conclusion