地理学报 ›› 1983, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (1): 1-10.doi: 10.11821/xb198301001

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国综合自然地理区划的一个新方案

赵松乔   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1983-01-15 发布日期:1983-01-15

A NEW SCHEME FOR COMPREHENSIVE PHYSICAL REGIONALIZATION IN CHINA

Zhao Song-qiao   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia sinica
  • Online:1983-01-15 Published:1983-01-15

摘要: “科学的发生和发展从开始起便是由生产所决定的”(恩格斯,自然辩证法,中文本,人民出版社,1955,149页)。综合自然地理区划全面地反映自然界的地域分异;每一个被划分出来的综合自然地理区域,各有其不同于其他区域的自然特征、发生发展历史以及开发利用和改造方向,在科学认识上和指导生产实践上均有重大意义。因此,不论古今中外,综合自然地理区划都是地理学中心课题之一。

关键词: 综合自然地理, 区划分, 综合自然区划, 新方案, 东部季风区, 自然地带, 干燥度, 分异因素, 土地类型, 单位系统

Abstract: A new scheme for comprehensive physical regionalization in China is developed and adopted in the newly written textbook "Physical Geography of China" (both in Chinese and in English). Three natural realms (Eastern Monsoon China, Northwest Arid China, Tibetan Frigid Plateau), seven natural divisions (Temperate humid & subhumid Northeast China, Warm-temperate humid & subhumid North China, subtropical humid Central & South China, tropic humid South China, temperate grassland of Inner Mongolia, temperate & warm-temperate desert of Northwest China, Tibetan Plateau), and 33 natural regions are demarcated. They are listed in table 2 and shown in map 1. The classification of lower-level regional units (natural sub-regions and natural areas) is also briefly discussed.