地理学报 ›› 1982, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 206-215.doi: 10.11821/xb198202010

• 论文 • 上一篇    

地理学与人地关系

杨吾扬, 江美球   

  1. 北京大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1982-04-15 发布日期:1982-04-15

GEOGRAPHY AND MAN-EARTH RELATIONSHIP

Yang Wuyang, Jiang Meiqiu   

  1. Department of Geography, Peking University
  • Online:1982-04-15 Published:1982-04-15

摘要: 地理学是世界上最古老的知识部门之一。西方自古希腊、罗马,中国从周代开始,地理学就有了萌芽,到现在已是数千年历史了。长期以来,地理学是人们认识周围世界的有力工具,也是基础教育的一门必要课目。

关键词: 经济地理学, 人地关系, 人地观, 古典地理学, 现代地理学, 古地理环境, 自然地理学, 环境决定论, 人文地理学, 地方志

Abstract: In this article, the authors discussed man-earth relationship in geography dialecti-cally and historically. The history of geographic thought is divided into four stages: ancient, classical, modern and contemporary. Having approached the buds of man and earth relationship in ancient geography, the anthers point out that the outsets era of chorography in China is far earlier than that in the "West, and the ancient geography of China contains quite a lot of man earth relationship all along. The principal masters of classical geography A. Von Humboldt, C. Hitter, F. Ratzel and P. Vidal de la Blache etc. are introduced not only on their contributions but also on their shortcom-ings. In the light of a great deal of historical facts, the specialization of modern geog-raphy and the decline of man-earth theory, a.s well as the renewal of man-earth rela-tionship in contemporary geography are discussed. The regularity of differentiation and synthesis in geography are two trends being inevitable and necessary for the development of new geography.The differences of man-earth relationship between orthodox geography and con-temporary geography are illustrated along three points: (1) the philosophical founda-tion; (2) the methods of study; (3) the items of principle.The authors insisted on that the object of geography is geographical environment which is composed of (1) natural environment; (2) economic environment and (3) social-cultural environment. All of which are each studied by physical geography, eco-nomic geography and social-cultural geography respectively.Contemporary human geography, in narrow sense, is equivalent to social-cultural geography. It consists of all the aspects of economic basis (relations of production) and superstructure. The authors do believe that human geography will be developed and flourished in China in order to serve the planning and designing of the concerned government organizations.