地理学报 ›› 1981, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 369-376.doi: 10.11821/xb198104003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国克山病分布和以粮食低硒为表征的地理环境的关系

环境与地方病组   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所化学地理研究室
  • 出版日期:1981-10-15 发布日期:1981-10-15

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE DISTRIBUTION OF KE-SHAN DISEASE AND THE SELENIUM CONTENT OF FOODGRAINS AS A FACTOR OF CHEMICAL GEOGRA-PHICAL ENVIRONMENT

The Group of Environment and Endemic Disease   

  1. Division of Chemical Geography, Institute of Geography, Academia sinica
  • Online:1981-10-15 Published:1981-10-15

摘要: 一、前言 我国曾研究了克山病的地理流行病学规律,发现克山病在我国的分布十分有规律,而且与自然地理环境关系很密切,即克山病区主要分布在我国由东北到西南一条相当宽的条带内,由此向西北和东南两侧即过渡到无病环境。因此,我们按克山病的分布特点,将我国划分三个带,即病带和处于其两侧的西北非病带和东南非病带。

关键词: 克山病, 粮食, 低硒, 分布和, 地理环境, 表征, 荒漠土, 系环, 褐土, 硒含量

Abstract: We have studied the rules of the geographical epidemiology. An article publishedin Acta Geographica Sinica Vol. 34, No. 2, P. 85, June, 1979, illustrates that the distri-bution of the Keshan disease is very orderly, and is closely related to the natural envi-ronment. The Keshan disease is mainly distributed in the area with the temperate (orwarm temperate) forest and forest-steppe soils as axis. It forms a wide belt runningfrom the Xorth-East to the South-West in our country. While the typical steppe-desertregions to the north West and the typical yellow-red soil regions to the South-East arcdisease-free. Thus, there are three belts in our country: one disease belt and two disease-free belts. The disease belt located in the middle, while the two others lie to its twosides. We think that this case might be concerned with the chemical geographical en-vironment.We explored the relationship between Keshan disease and the chemical factors of theenvironment. 1638 samples of various food grains from the main different regionsthroughout the country are collected. Seventeen elements are analysed, It is found thatthe selenium content in the food grain is closely related to the Keshau disease, namely,the difference of the selenium content in the food grain between the disease belt andthe disease-free belt is very significant. The average selenium content in the main foodgrains of the disease belt is less than about 0.020 PPm, while in the disease-free beltsthe content of selenium is much higher. The selenium content in most of the food grainssamples for the disease belt is less than 0.025 PPm, and for the disease-free belt more than0.040 PPm. The value 0.040 PPm might be considered as the reliable threshold value ofthe food grain selenium dividing the regions with and without disease.Hence, the selenium in natural environment has obvious regional differentiation.The Keshan disease occurs only where the grain selenium content is low. Then we mayconsider the low selenium environment as an important factor causing keshan disease.Our studies provide a sound geoscientifical basis for the cause of kashan disease.