地理学报 ›› 1981, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 358-368.doi: 10.11821/xb198104002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

矿产资源区域组合类型与地域工业综合体

魏心镇   

  1. 北京大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1981-10-15 发布日期:1981-10-15

TYPES OF REGIONAL GROUPING OF MINERAL RESOURCESAND TERRITORIAL INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Wei Xinzhen   

  1. Dept. of geography, Peking Unirersity
  • Online:1981-10-15 Published:1981-10-15

摘要: 矿产资源是工业生产发展的重要物质基础之一。一个国家或地区拥有矿产资源的种类、储量、质量及其开发利用条件如何,对其基础工业的发展方向、规模、工业结构特点与合理布局的趋向有着深刻的影响。

关键词: 工业综合体, 矿产资源, 资源组合, 组合类型, 石炭二叠系, 工业地理学, 工业结构, 工矿区, 地壳, 矿床

Abstract: Regional grouping of mineral resources is usually found in the boundary zone of dif-ferent geotectonic units or in the region having been subjected to various processes ofmineralization, The knowledge of the law of spacial distribution of regional groupingof mineral resources is of great importance to the development of national natural resour-ees, to the delimitation of economic regions, and to the planning of regional industrialcomplex according to the type of regional grouping of mineral resources.According to the spatial distribution pattern and the industrial comprehensiveutilization of mineral resources, regional grouping of mineral resources can be classifiedinto three basic types:1. That having a single mineral deposit of various associated minerals.2. That having a number of mineral deposits closely associated with each other.3. That having a number of mineral deposits not closely associated with each othergpecially.As geological structure varies from place to place, regional grouping of mineral re-sources is also highly varied and each of the three basic types can be further subdividedinto many sub-types.It has been proved in practice that to exploit mineral resources according to theirregional grouping is advantageous to the development of territorial industrial complex,to the enhancement of economical effect of investment, and to urban planning to limitthe size of large cities and to build small cities in clusters.