地理学报 ›› 1981, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 157-170.doi: 10.11821/xb198102004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

工业基地交通运输布局问题

张文尝   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1981-04-15 发布日期:1981-04-15

SOME PROBLEMS ON THE ALLOCATION OF TRANSPORTIN INDUSTRIAL BASES

Zhang Wen-chang   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1981-04-15 Published:1981-04-15

摘要: 交通运输对地区资源开发,工业基地的形成与发展具有重要作用,对地区内城市的分布也有很大影响。在地区发展和工业基地建设中除了各个部门按系统进行规划与布局外,还必须在地域范围内从多方面加以综合平衡,交通运输是其中之一。

关键词: 工业基地, 交通运输布局, 交通干线, 交通网, 运输联系, 铁路, 线网, 对外运输, 工业中心, 交通线路

Abstract: Because of their various conditions andspecializations, different kinds of industrialbases have different types of inter-regionaland intra-regional economic links and thusmake different requirements about transportnetwork.The author analyses four kinds of industrial bases:(1) Inter-regional raw material or fuel base. It is characterized by the muchlarger tonnage of export than import, e.g. Shanxi coal base (Tab. 1), with coal tonnagemaking up 80% of the provincial freight of the railroad, with export tonnage 3 timesas much as import.(2) Industrail base with developed manufacturing industries depending on supplyof raw material and fuels from outside, e.g. Shanghai (Tab. 2) with import tonnagetwice as mucu as export.(3) Complex industrial base depending on local resources. Its import, export andintra-regional tonnage are usually large, e.g. Liaoning Province (Tab. 3 and Fig. 2). Itsrailroad frieght accounts for 13% of that of the whole country, meanwhile, more than70% of it are intra-regional.(4) Industrial base mainly with intra-regional links, e.g. Sichuan Province (Tab.4). Because of its particular geographical conditions, Sichuan has weak economic linkswith outside and nearly 90% of the total freight are intra-regional.With the development of the industrial base, its orientation and characteristics ofeconomic links are always changing. For example, Liaoning Province has experinced threestages, i.e. (1) largely exporting’raw materials and fuels, (2) developing primary in-dustries depending on local resources, (3) necessarily importing considerable amount ofraw materials and fuels In allthesestages, allocation of transportation lines has been re-quired to develop accordingly.Any large industrial base needs construction of transport network badly. Throughanalysis of case studies in China, the author argues that the distance of trunk line (rail-road and river) shoudn’t be less than 120 km.The author gives several examples to explain that transport construction (includinglines, stations, ports, etc.) must be undertaken in advance of the regional developmentand construction of industrial bases.