地理学报 ›› 1981, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 33-46.doi: 10.11821/xb198101004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

三江平原自然环境变化与合理开发利用的初步探讨

沼泽研究室   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1981-01-15 发布日期:1981-01-15

A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON CHANGE OF NATURALENVIRONMENT AFTER CURRENT LARGE-SCALERECLAMATION IN THE SANJIANG PLAIN

Department of Marsh Researeh   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1981-01-15 Published:1981-01-15

摘要: 三江平原地处我国的东北端,包括松花江、黑龙江和乌苏里江汇流地带的沼泽化冲积低平原和完达山以南的穆棱兴凯沼泽化冲积湖积低平原(图1),面积51,300平方公里。

关键词: 三江, 平原, 沼泽化草甸, 自然环境变化, 合理开发利用, 盐化草甸土, 草根层, 芦苇, 松花江, 低平原

Abstract: The Sanjiang Plain, with an area of 51,300 square kilometers, lies at the northeas-tern borderland of China. It abounds with natural resources, yet in recent years, thereare such signs of deterioration in natural environment as the increasing of drought andwind erosion, decreasing of runoff and vegetation cover, etc.Inaddition, most part of marshlands in this region have a tendency of developinginto meadows and swamping meadows.So far as drought is concerned, the influence of atomspheric circulation plays aleading role, while the influence of human activities plays a second role.In order to prevent the deterioration of ecological environment, it is imperative totake the following measures: rationalized utilization of natural resources and all-rounddevelopment of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, sideline production, fishery;building up a water conservancy system of combining drainage with storage, developingirrigation and enlarging the area of rice farming and combining the utilization of farm-land with the maintance of its fertility; protesting specific marshland by setting upreed production bases and marshland conservations.