地理学报 ›› 1980, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (35): 277-287.doi: 10.11821/xb198004001

• 论文 •    下一篇

城市—区域与城市区域调查研究一—城市发展的区域经济基础调查研究

宋家泰   

  1. 南京大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1980-10-15 发布日期:1980-10-15

RESEARCH METHOD ON REGIONAL ECONOMIC-GEOGRAPHIC FOUNDATION OF CITY DEVELOPMENT

Soong Chiatai   

  1. Nanjing University
  • Online:1980-10-15 Published:1980-10-15

摘要: 一、区域经济发展是城市发展的基础(一)城市发展的根本要素与基本要素及其相互关系影响和制约城市发展的要素是什么? 这是有关城市形成发展的规律问题。归纳起来,可以分为两大方面:即影响和制约城市发展的根本要素和基本要素。

关键词: 城市发展, 城市区域, 经济中心, 城市—区域, 岳阳市, 基础调查, 区域经济, 经济地域, 根本要素, 湘北

Abstract: From actual planning work on a number of small and medium eities of China.research methods on regional economico-geographie foundation of city development maybe summarized as follows:1. The economie development of the region is the basis of city development. Themost important factors influencing city development are: (a) The political situationand need for national economic developments; (b) Geographical location, historical de-velopment and natural resources of the city and regional economic conditions. Cities,in their economic function are economic centers for areas of various extent. Therefore,the idea of city-region is, in fact, the conception of economic center-economic region. InChina, city-region implies the following two cases:(1) Administrative centers of various administrative units generally posses certainregional economic foundation and consequently serve as economic centers for certainregions.(2) The economic hinterland of certain cities may exceed their respectiveadministrative units.2. The main content of the studying regional economic development of a city is:(1) Foundamental characteristics of regional physico-guographical conditions andtheir areal differentiations.(2) Land, mineral and labour resources of the region.(3) Localization and development of agriculture of the region and its demand onthe eity.(4) Localization and development of industry of the region and its relation withthe city.(5) Transportation of the region, especially quantity and transport direction ofmain commodities which may be used to demarcate the extent of hinterland of the cityfrom the neighbouring economic centers.(6) The distribution of other small cities and towns in the region.(7) The economic position of the eity-region in a given province and the economicrelation with neighbouring regions.