地理学报 ›› 1980, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (3): 210-218.doi: 10.11821/xb198003003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

关于陕西省自然地带的划分

刘胤汉   

  1. 陕西师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1980-07-15 发布日期:1980-07-15

ON NATURAL ZONATION IN THE SHANXI PROVINCE

Liu Yinhan   

  1. Shaanxi Normal University
  • Online:1980-07-15 Published:1980-07-15

摘要: 对于陕西省自然地带的划分,以往的著作中有不同程度的论述。现根据多年来对陕西省和汉中、商洛、延安三个地区综合自然区划的实践,并参考有关文献,对陕西省自然地带的划分作一讨论。

关键词: 自然地带, 综合自然区划, 干草原, 黄褐土, 陕西, 干燥度, 带层, 山地垂直自然带, 风沙化, 焦土

Abstract: The division of natural zones is decided by the features of all round natural conditions.Since the formation of natural zones is mainly controlled by zonal factors, taking climatic conditions into consideration, heat, water, soil, vegetation and the characteristics in agricultural production should be regarded as criteria in the division of natural zones.Because these phenomena are mirrored in the soil, vegetation and agricultural dif-ferentiation, Shaanxi province can be divided into following eight natural zones:(1) Sub zone of semidesert steppe-brown desert steppe soil;(2) Zone of dry steppe covered by wind-blown sands-light chestnut soil;(3) Zone of dry steppe-light-textured heilu soil;(4) Zone of forest steppe-gray forest soil and argillaceous heilu soil;(5) Zone of semi-arid deciduous broad-leaf forest and forest steppe-drab soil;(6) Zone of mixed forest of coniferous and broad-leaf trees-burozem and drab soil;(7) Zone of deciduous broad-leaf forest and evergreen broad-leaf forest-Cinnamon Yellow soil and Brown Yellow soil;(8) Sub Zone of evergreen broad-leaf forest-Yellow earth. Of course clear boundary lines do not always exist, since one natural zone may shade into another.