地理学报 ›› 1980, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 24-32.doi: 10.11821/xb198001003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国北部土壤和第四纪沉积物中化学淀积物的形成和地理分布规律

陈静生   

  1. 北京大学
  • 出版日期:1980-01-15 发布日期:1980-01-15

FORMATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF CHEMICAL PRECIPITA-TES IN SOILS AND QUATERNARY SEDIMENTS IN NORTHERN CHINA

Chen Jingsheng   

  1. Peking University
  • Online:1980-01-15 Published:1980-01-15

摘要: 第四纪沉积物在沉积过程中和沉积以后,常在成土作用和地下水化学作用的影响下,生成一系列新的化学淀积物质。这些物质的成分在很大程度上反映着该区域表生地球化学作用的特征。

关键词: 淀积物, 化学淀积, 第四纪沉积物, 冲积物, 易溶盐, 地理分布规律, 硅酸, 石灰结核, 石膏, 锰化合物

Abstract: Researches in chemical precipitates in soils and sediments help to reconstruct Paleogeographical pictures of Quaternary period.Main chemical precipitates in soils and sediments in northern China are ferric-manganse oxides, silion dioxides, calcium carbonates, calcium sulfates and soluble salts. The distribution areas of different chemical precipitates are different. Precipi-tates of ferric-manganse oxides and silicon dioxides are distributed widely in all natural zones in northern China, from desert zone, semidesert zone, steppe zone, forest-steppe zone up to forest zone. Precipitates of calcium carbonates occur in desert zone, semidesert zone, steppe zone, forest-steppe zone and part of forest zone. Precipitates of gypsum are restricted in desert zone and semidesert zone, while precipitates of soluble salts occur in desert zone only.Increasing varieties of chemical precipitates occur from North-east China through North China to North-west China. There are only ferric-manganse and silicon dioxides in soils of forest zone of North-east China and North China. Besides these, there are calcium carbonates in soils and sediments of North China plains, Inner Mongolian plateaus and Loess plateaus. There are also gypsum and soluble salts in soils and sediments of desert zone and semidesert zone.