地理学报 ›› 1979, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 213-223.doi: 10.11821/xb197903003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

湖泊科学研究三十年与展望

施成熙1,2   

  1. 1. 华东水利学院;
    2. 江苏地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1979-07-15 发布日期:1979-07-15

THIRTY YEARS IN LIMNOLOGY IN PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

Shi Chengxi 1,2   

  1. 1. East China College of Hydraulic Engineering;
    2. Jiangsu Institute of Geography
  • Online:1979-07-15 Published:1979-07-15

摘要: 湖泊是湖盆、湖水及水中所含物质——矿物质、有机质、溶解质及水生生物等矛盾的统一体。

关键词: 湖泊, 水生生物, 湖水化学, 综合调查, 地理研究所, 洪泽湖, 刊稿, 科学研究, 湖泊研究, 水库

Abstract: This paper describes the advances in limnology since liberation. In respect of comprehensive survey, lakes in middle and lower reaches of the Chang Jiang basin, in Yunnan province and in other places have been studied. In respect of hydrology and meteorology, water budget, evaporation from water surface, coefficient of heat exchange, lake currents and wind waves have been studied. In respect of geomorpho-logy, origin and evolution, physical and chemical porperties of sedimentation of some lakes as well as silt problem of reservoirs have been investigated. In respect of hy-drochemistry, chemical components of some lakes are analyzed, annual variation of dissolved gases, salinities, pH values and biogenetical elements have also been inves-tigated. In respect of protection of water quality, contaminated conditions of some lakes, water quality predicting methods and self-purification power of water bodies have been researched. In respect of hydrobiology, resources of living creatures and plants in lakes and reservoirs, biological characteristics of fishes and productivity of water bodies are discussed.Finally, future prospects for limnology in China are briefly discussed.