地理学报 ›› 1965, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 304-320.doi: 10.11821/xb196504004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

华南降水多年变化的某些特征

陈世训1, 陈连宝 2   

  1. 1. 中山大学;
    2. 广东省气象局
  • 出版日期:1965-10-15 发布日期:1965-10-15
  • 基金资助:

THE ANNUAL VARIATION OF THE PRECIPITATION AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS DURING RECENT SIXTY YEARS IN SOUTHERN CHINA

CHEN SHI-SHUN1, CHEN LIAN-BAU2   

  1. 1. Sun Yat-sen University;
    2. The Provincial Service of Kwangtung
  • Online:1965-10-15 Published:1965-10-15

摘要: 研究降水的多年变化,不仅对研究气候形成问题可以提供重要资料,而且也有助于长期天气预报工作的发展。本文对华南降水的变率,旱涝频率以及汛期降水的特征等问题进行了统计分析,目的在于探讨华南旱涝形成的规律性,供有关部门参考,并作进一步研究的基础。

关键词:

Abstract: This paper contains the following three main parts : (1)The variability of precipiration, (2) The frequency of drought and flood in the years and months, (3) The characteristics of precipitation during the rainy season. It is found that the variability of precipitation distribution in Southern China is greater in the southern regions than in the northern, decreasing from the to the inland. 'The higher values in the rainy season are found in April, July, particularly in September. During the time of sixty years (1901-1960) there have been found several degrees of rain frequency at the wide area the months of the flood are more than the months of the drought. Furthermore, when the drought or the flood may occur in wide places, the possibility of the contrary will be found severally in certain regional parts. The relation between the persistent drought or flood during the rainy season and the anomalous circulation is closely associated with the High-pressure system over East Asia.