地理学报 ›› 1964, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (3): 234-247.doi: 10.11821/xb196403003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论苏锡地区农业发展与中小城镇的关系

严重敏, 刘君德, 孙大文, 卢奇达   

  1. 华东师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1964-07-15 发布日期:1964-07-15
  • 基金资助:

THE GROWTH OF CITIES AND TOWNS AS RELATED TO AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN SOOCHOW-WUSI DISTRICT

CHUNG一NIN YEN, J. T. LIU, D. W. SHAN AND G. D. LU   

  1. The Normal University of Eastern China, Shanghai
  • Online:1964-07-15 Published:1964-07-15

摘要: 城市是社会生产发展的产物,社会劳动分工的结果。它的形成、发展受社会经济规律所制约。因此城市的发展特点、分布规律、内部结构以及城市间、城乡间的关系皆反映着社会生产力的水平和生产关系的性质。

关键词:

Abstract: In the explanation of the origin and development of cities and towns many geo-braphers tend to emphasize non-agricultural activities, such as industry, commerce, and transport, and non-productive activities, such as administration and culture as the prin-cipal factors. But while these are related in varying degrees with the development of cities, the importance of agriculture as a factor is not to be ignored. In this regard any generalization without taking agriculture into consideration is incomplete. As the necessities of life for urban population such as food grains, subsidiary foodstuffs and part of clothing materials are supplied by agriculture, without prosperous agriculture, there would not have been surplus manpower for manual industries in ancient times and would not be possible in modern times for the development of industry, commerce, trans-port, and so no possibility for the development of cities. The levels and characteristics of agricultural production affect in a remarkable degree the size, functions and distribu-tion patterns of cities. Some of the influences are direct; others become apparent only through some other factors;still others are not even observable although closely connected with the agricultural foundations of the region concerned. The complexity of these rela-tions calls for detailed analyses and comprehensive investigations. In order to make clear the relations between cities and agricultural development, this article, based on the field findings, offers a case study of the urban communities in the Soochow-Wusi district. Accordingly, the analyses are made as follows: 1. The relation between agricultural development and the origin and grou"th of the medium to small-sized cities and towns. 2. Their distribution patterns as influenced by agricultural production. 3. Their functions as related to agricultural development. The authors believe that the cities of a region are in a large degree the products of the increase in agricultural production and the further division of labour, although there reside in prominence a certain amount of non-agricultural population. Their growth depend upon the agricultural development of the related region, and their own non-agricultural and non-productive development.