地理学报 ›› 1959, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 101-104.doi: 10.11821/xb195901007

• 论文 • 上一篇    

为生产实践服务的动物地理调查方法

张荣祖   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1959-01-15 发布日期:1959-01-15
  • 基金资助:

ON THE METHODOLOGY OF ZOOGEOGRAPHICAL RECONNAISSANCE FOR PRACTICAL PURPOSES

CHANG YUNG-TZU   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1959-01-15 Published:1959-01-15

摘要: 解放后开展的许多动物(区系)调查工作,实际上是动物地理学的调查。这种工作在地理学界也有了—定的发展。有些大专学校的地理教学实习也包括动物地理学,无疑地,这些工作对积累我国动物地理基本资料是很有益的。遗憾的是,许多动物学的考察,往往限于标本的采集和个体生态现象的观察,而缺乏完整的动物地理学的内容;

关键词:

Abstract: An attempt has been made to present an outline for zoo一geographical field work with a view to linking up reconnaissance research with economic reconstruction. Emphasis has been laid on the observation of such items as: (1) the physical envi-ronment of the biotope; (2) the composition and the population of the fauna; (3) the habits and the reproduction of the dominant species; (4) the influences of the dominants on the environment; (5) the parasites of the dominants; and (6) the species favorable to man and those unfavorable. The experiences of the mass of people in treating these 2 groups of speciesshould be highly regarded and the correlation of ecological phenomena to tfte geographica landchaft be advocated. A thorough and careful lstudy of the spatial similarities and differences regarding all the faunistic anti the ecological phenomena may serve asthe basis of drafting schemes for utilization, control and extermination. Care should be taken to guard against the indulgence in the new or rare species, since such may be entirely of no practical use. A reconnaissance research is but the first step in the task of trangform?hg the animal world. It should be follow-ed by detail studies of such problems as may confront any practical work. These reguire more ecological and eco-zoogeographical methods.