地理学报 ›› 1958, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (1): 67-78.doi: 10.11821/xb195801006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

巢肥运河

杨钧   

  1. 浙江湘湖师范
  • 出版日期:1958-01-15 发布日期:1958-01-15
  • 基金资助:

CHOWHSIEN-HOFIE CANAL

Yang Ch黱   

  • Online:1958-01-15 Published:1958-01-15

摘要: 古江淮间的水路通道有两条:一条是邗沟运河,另一条是巢肥运河。关于邗沟清运河,我们是耳熟能详的。这条运河,开辟于公元前五世纪,左傅哀公九年(前486年),“吴城邗,沟清通江淮。”之后,代有改修,称名屡易.它单独的存在着,或为各时代大运河的一段,直到现在,还有舟楫之利。至於巢肥运河,我们对它便比较生疏,乃至完全不知道了。实际上,在某一历史时期,巢肥运河的重要性会远过于邗沟。本文的旨趣,是想把巢肥运河的流贯通塞及盛衰情况作一系统的论述。

关键词:

Abstract: Tlle Chowhsien-Hofie Canal has been long ruined. It formerly connected the Yangtze and the Hl1a1110, and in certain periods, outdid the Elall-Gou Canal. The present paper deals only with its former course and navigation. Tlle Shih-shui and the Fei-shui ale originated in the same source ilea, but the Shih flows south eastward to the Lake Chow--lm, while tile Fei northward to the Huai. The constlvction of the canal took tile advantage of the closeness of the two rivers in their souzce area. According to Shiu-Cbiug-Chu, the two levels were connected, besides near the source, 11 (itller two navigable stretc}les; One connected the Fei and one of the northern branches of the Sliih which, then, turned to the west; the other con-nection was by way of Lake Yang-hu a,nd Heng Tang. It remains a question as to when, and by whom the egcavat.ion through the Huai-Yang hills was made, although evidences are for the people of the ancient Chu State. The Canal was closely belated to the regulation resel}}oir Sho-po. Tlle reservoir was large enough to receive the Pei and the Fei and there were 5locks to adjust the level of the Fei. It was them an inseparable part of the canal. Tlle late con-servancy work was concentrated to ilTigation v}itllout adeduate attention to the navigation of the Chowhsien-lIofei Canal. In the Shui Dynasty, the Han-Gou Canal was dhedged and in some way replaced the Chow hsien-Hofei Canal. The latter was further neglected by the gradually diminishing in volume of the reservoir Sho-Bo.