地理学报 ›› 1956, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (1): 37-92.doi: 10.11821/xb195601002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国植被的类型

钱崇澍, 吴徵镒, 陈昌笃   

  1. 中国科学院植物研究所
  • 出版日期:1956-01-15 发布日期:1956-01-15
  • 基金资助:

THE VEGETATION TYPES OF CHINA

S.S.Chien, C.Y.Wu and C.T.Chen   

  1. Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1956-01-15 Published:1956-01-15

摘要: 我国地域广大,环境复杂,植物种类在25,000种以上,兼有寒带、温带、热带三种类型。各地区的气候、土壤、地形的差异很大,而气候、土壤、地形的不同组合和相互影响,又都根本地影响着各地区的植被群落。

关键词:

Abstract: China has a very vast area, complex environment and rich plant species comprising arctic, temperato and tropical types. In addition to climatic, edaphic and topographical differences in different geographical regione, the vegetation-ty-pes havo been made more complicated by certain geological factors, the glacial factor, for instance, which resulted in remaining certain amount of preglacial remnants in certain places. The anthrohic effects for more than 5,000 years have certainly caused profound changes in our natural vegetation. In general, the en- vironmental factors which affect the vegetation most are climatic, topographic, edaphic, histbric and biotic onus among which the climate is certainly the most important, but in connection wiili other features its effect is expressed differently in different regions. In China, in western part, especially in Tibetan plateau, the topographical factor becomes most prominent; in northern and eastern parts the cold tide predominates,in the coastal region the Pacific and Indian monsoons play the leading part.