地理学报 ›› 1955, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (3): 213-243.doi: 10.11821/xb195503001

• 论文 •    下一篇

试论植物生态学和地植物学的内容和研究方法

侯学煜   

  1. 中国科学院植物研究所
  • 出版日期:1955-07-15 发布日期:1955-07-15
  • 基金资助:

ON THE CONTENTS AND THE METHODS OF STUDY OF PLANT ECOLOGY AND GEOBOTANY

HOU HSIOH-YU   

  1. Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1955-07-15 Published:1955-07-15

摘要: 在国家走向社会主义建设的过程中,为着充分发展农林牧事业,为着国家工业化奠定基础,就有必要进行一系列的利用自然和改造自然的工作。在这些工作中,植物生态学和地植物学是佔有重要地位之一的科学。

关键词:

Abstract: Plant ecology is devoted to the study of individual species of plants in relation to climate, soil anal other living things, or in other words, to iwvestigate the relationship of the morphology, structure, chemical character and physiological processes of individual spacies of plants with their environmental conditions. Geobotany with the study of plant communities as the chief object of its con-tents is an inseparable part of plant ecology. Its development is, therefore, decided, to a considerable extent, by plant ecology's achievements. As to its contents, the author is of the opinion that it should include not only the natural plant com-munities but also the artificial plant covers. Both plant ecology and geobotany are now in the infantile stage in China. They are in need of detailed and sufficient materials at weir disposal, and therefore field work should be promoted with great efforts at present. Furthermore, however, indoor research work is to be strengthened step by step and the work at fixed stations shall be commenced at certain places properly chosen only on the basis of field work in associaton with discovered problems.