地理学报 ›› 1948, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (1): 31-33.doi: 10.11821/xb194801004

• 论文 • 上一篇    

我国最近对于黄河问题之新研究

任美锷   

  1. 国立中央大学
  • 出版日期:1948-01-15 发布日期:1948-01-15
  • 基金资助:

Studies on Yellow River Project: A Review

Mei-Ngo Jen   

  1. National Central University, Nanking
  • Online:1948-01-15 Published:1948-01-15

摘要: 我国以农立国,对于水利问题,向极注意。地理学者亦常综述水利兴地理之关系,称为水利地理,盖水利即与民生有重要关系,研究一区地理,亦自不能不涉及水利问题。故水利方面之研究结果,往往可供地理学者之取材。

关键词:

Abstract: Although records on the Yellow River are voluminous, they are often overburdened with great engineering details and scattered in a large number of technical journals and publications as to be not readily available to geographical students. "A Symposium on the Yellow River". appeared in 1935, is one of the most noteworthy contributions on the subject. It consists of 3 volumes, Vol. 1 by H. Y. I-Iu on climate, Vol. 2 by T. F. Hou on geology and Vol. 3 by H. Y. Chang on hydrology. At that time, attention was only paid to flood control with occasional considerations in irrigation and navigation. Moreover, hydrometric and gaging stations were few, especially on th0 upper reaches of the river, and the records then available often covered tco short a period to be valuable for sound generalizations. Many important items, such as soil and Soil erosion, were only incompletely known. Much valuable data have since been accu- mulcted. During the war years, the Japanese had made a comprehensive study covering the area from Paotou to the sea. Their plan for developing the Yellow River contains much excellent material. At present,there are hydrometric and paging data from 139 stations and precipitation record from 138statibns on the Yellow River and its tributaries. Although flood control remains the most important items in any project on the Yellow River, recent investigation by both Chinese and Japanese engineers reveals that there is a huge amount of water power capable of development.