地理学报 ›› 1947, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (2): 12-33.doi: 10.11821/xb194702005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

云南滇池区域之土地利用

程潞, 陈述彭, 宋铭奎, 黄秉成   

  1. 资源委员会
  • 出版日期:1947-06-15 发布日期:1947-06-15
  • 基金资助:

LAND UTILIZATION IN KUNMING LAKE REGION, YUNNAN

Chen Lu, S.P.Chen, M.K.Soong, P.C.Huang   

  1. National Resources Commission Physical Background
  • Online:1947-06-15 Published:1947-06-15

摘要: 云南地形,东西迥异。西部山脉纵列,峡谷叢错,形成巨大之天然屏障。东部高原,则地势较缓,多山间盆地,土壤肥沃;宜於耕耘。此类盆地,滇人称为‘坝子’;其间湖泊,则称为‘海子’。滇池乃云南高原上最大之‘海子’,环湖周遭二十余河流,以及流域三千方公里之水流悉汇注其中(注一)。

关键词:

Abstract: The Kunming Lake, with an area of 324 sq, km, during its flood water time, is the largest lake in Eastern Yunnan. More than twenty streams from the surrounding mountains empty into the lake which is drained by the Tang-Lapg River to the upper Yangtze. Around the Kunmina Lake is an extensive basin covering an area of 1,300 sq. km. On the Tang-Lang Rivers there are smaller basin of An-Nino and Fu-Ming, both with an area of about 100 sq. km. These''basins are similar in ibpography and geology, In each basin, three distinct belts may be distinguished(Fig. 1): (1)The rim is formed by high rots. of limestone and basalt rising to 2,500 m. above the sea level and with a relative,height of about 600 m. (2) The main part of the basin consists of alluvial plain deposited by rivers from surrounding mountains. The alluvial plain of the Kunming Lake Basin is at 1,890 m., An-Ning Basin at 1,800,m., and Fu-Ming Basin at 1,680 m. As high mts. descend close to the western side of the Kunminn Lake, the alluviual plain is most extensive on the East of the Lake where many deltas are formed by streams.