地理学报 ›› 1938, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (1): 17-40.doi: 10.11821/xb193801002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中國各地溫度逐候平均之年變化

吕炯   

  • 出版日期:1938-01-15 发布日期:1938-01-15
  • 基金资助:

The Annual Temperature March of 5-days' Mean over China

John Lee   

  1. Institute of Meteorology, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1938-01-15 Published:1938-01-15

摘要: 普通表示温度年变化,常以月为单位,本文则以候为单位,全年分七十三候,每候五日。盖欲藉此以觇我国各地全年温度变化递嬗之足迹,较之以月平均表示者,更求精详耳。所惜中国测候事业,近十年来始渐发达,历史较久之纪录,除海关测候所及外人代设之气象机关外,渺不可得。且此等纪录,大抵集中於沿江沿海之地带,故欲持此而论全国之温度变化,似有杯水车薪之感。惟全国各地有较详而较久之纪城可资本文研究者,亦达三十余处之多,故虽不能谓详尽无遗,亦足以由此窥其堂奥矣。

关键词:

Abstract: In general, the month is taken as a unit to show the annual temperature march. In this paper pentad is adopted instead of month. The whole year is divided into 73 pentads, so that the yearly temperature march can be studied in more detail. There are 31 places in China being picked out and their annual temperature curves are to be plotted. As the years of observation of these 31 places mentioned above are not homogeneous, some of them attain more than 40 years and others below 20, but the majority of them are above 20 years.