地理学报 ›› 1934, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (1): 1-27.doi: 10.11821/xb193401001

• 论文 •    下一篇

东南季风与中国之雨量

竺可桢   

  • 出版日期:1934-01-15 发布日期:1934-01-15
  • 基金资助:

The Enigma of Southeast Monsoon in China

COCHING CHU   

  • Online:1934-01-15 Published:1934-01-15

摘要: 季风西文作Monsoon,源於阿拉伯字Mausim,意即季候也。我国古称信风。此风在阿拉伯海及印度洋中流行最盛,中古时代南亚海上贸易,全为阿拉伯人所操纵。

关键词:

Abstract: It has always been taken for granted that southeast monsoon in China, like the southwest monsoon in India, is a rainbearing wind. Yet the southeasterly wind in eastern part of China is a dry wind in summer as well as in winter, and in the Yangtze Valley, when it blows consistently, drought is imminent. These facts were known to ancient Chinese philosophers, and one famous poet of Sung dynasty wrote to the effect that when the southeast wind blows, the rainy season is at an end.