地理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (10): 2633-2649.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202210014

• 研究进展 • 上一篇    下一篇

拼装理论在人文地理学研究中的应用与展望

蔡晓梅1,2,3(), 曹婧1,2,3, 刘俊1,4()   

  1. 1.华南师范大学旅游管理学院,广州 510631
    2.华南师范大学文化空间与社会行为广东省重点实验室,广州 510631
    3.华南师范大学文化产业与文化地理研究中心,广州 510631
    4.华南师范大学研学旅行与休闲教育研究中心,广州 510631
  • 收稿日期:2021-10-06 修回日期:2022-08-26 出版日期:2022-10-25 发布日期:2022-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘俊(1976-), 男, 安徽淮南人, 博士, 教授, 研究方向为旅游地理和旅游休闲教育。E-mail: liujun020@sina.com
  • 作者简介:蔡晓梅(1976-), 女, 湖南隆回人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 研究方向为社会文化地理和酒店管理。E-mail: caixm@scnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42071191);国家自然科学基金项目(42071189);国家自然科学基金项目(42101232);广东省普通高校哲学社会科学重点实验室(2022 WSYS004)

The application and prospect of assemblage theory in human geography research

CAI Xiaomei1,2,3(), CAO Jing1,2,3, LIU Jun1,4()   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2. Provincial Key Laboratory of Cultural Space and Social Behavior, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    3. Research Center for Cultural Industry and Cultural Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    4. Research Center for Study Tour and Leisure Education, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
  • Received:2021-10-06 Revised:2022-08-26 Published:2022-10-25 Online:2022-12-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071191);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071189);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42101232);Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Philosophy and Social Sciences in Colleges and Universities(2022 WSYS004)

摘要:

在法国“五月风潮”和后现代主义思潮的影响下,拼装理论应运而生。该理论提出了以根茎思维为基础的动态生成哲学观,批判地揭露了现有研究以网络结构为主,忽视空间拓扑的局限,为人文地理学开辟了新的知识空间。一方面,拼装理论在“空间生产理论”“异托邦”和“第三空间”等空间理论的基础上形成“异质生成空间”,强调属性不同的元素互动的同时,更关注时空不断生成、变化的逻辑;另一方面,拼装理论重构了关系,强调“客体的能动性”和“外部联系”,生成“后关系本体论”,承认所有事物都是通过关系进行拼装的。随着拼装理论在人文地理领域的运用,现有的实证研究主要聚焦于政治拼装与流动性、城市拼装与批判城市化、日常生活拼装与非人的能动性,以及与行动者网络理论、复杂性理论的比较研究。为了阐述拼装理论的内涵,增强理论的应用性,本文以案例的形式详细解析了边界拼装蕴含的拼装逻辑。此外,基于拼装理论为人文地理学注入的过程逻辑与克服人类中心主义的理念,以及该理论特征与中国社会转型期的耦合性,期望国内地理学者能批判地运用拼装理论解释中国情境,以便推动中国人文地理学理论与哲学方法论的多元发展。

关键词: 拼装理论, 后关系本体论, 流动性, 异质性, 生成性, 根茎

Abstract:

Against the background of the French "May Wave" and the postmodernist, the theory of assemblage as a research perspective starts to gain momentum. This paper proposes a philosophical view of "becoming" based on rhizome thinking, which critically exposes ignorance of the spatial topology in the current research based on network structure and opens up a new field of the knowledge for human geography. On the one hand, the assemblage theory forms a "heterogeneous generated space" on the basis of spatial theories such as "spatial production theory", "heterotopia" and "third space", emphasizing the interactions of the heterogeneous elements while also paying attention to the logic of the continuous generation and spatio-temporal change; on the other hand, the assemblage theory reconstructs the concept of relations, emphasizes the "object agency" and "relations of exteriority", which generates the "post-relational ontology" and acknowledges that all things are assembled through relations. With the application of the assemblage theory in the field of human geography, the existing empirical research mainly focuses on political assemblage and mobility, urban assemblage and critical urbanism, daily life assemblage and non-human agency, and compared with other related theories such as Complexity Theory and Actor Network Theory. In order to expound the connotation of the assemblage theory and enhance the applicability of the theory, the article analyzes the assemblage logic through border assemblage. In addition, based on the new research framework and theoretical paradigm constructed by the assemblage theory for human geography, as well as the coupling of the theoretical characteristics and the transitional period of Chinese society, it is expected that Chinese geographers can critically engage into the assemblage theory to explain the Chinese situation, as well as promoting the diversities of the Chinese geography theory and philosophical methodology.

Key words: assemblage theory, post-relational ontology, mobility, heterogeneity, becoming, rhizome