地理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (10): 2547-2565.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202210009

• 城市地理与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

东北振兴政策体系解构及区域经济响应研究

王士君1(), 顾萌2, 常晓东1   

  1. 1.东北师范大学地理科学学院,长春 130024
    2.长春师范大学地理科学学院,长春 130032
  • 收稿日期:2021-10-21 修回日期:2022-06-07 出版日期:2022-10-25 发布日期:2022-12-25
  • 作者简介:王士君(1963-), 男, 黑龙江延寿人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要研究方向为城市地理学和经济地理学。
    E-mail: wangsj@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41630749);国家自然科学基金项目(42171198)

The deconstruction of policy system and response of regional economy of Northeast Revitalization

WANG Shijun1(), GU Meng2, CHANG Xiaodong1   

  1. 1. College of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Changchun Normal University, Changchun 130032, China
  • Received:2021-10-21 Revised:2022-06-07 Published:2022-10-25 Online:2022-12-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41630749);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171198)

摘要:

本文回顾、梳理了2003—2020年东北振兴战略实施以来国家和地方出台的一系列有关政策,分别在国家、省、地市级层面归类总结、解读,对政策的层级、类型和时序进行解构性分析,并基于Python自主编程对相关政策进行文本数据挖掘,最后对东北振兴系列政策引发的区域经济及国企改革效应进行评价。结果表明:① 国家、省、地市围绕东北振兴形成了多类型、多层级、多时间节点的复杂政策系统;② 东北振兴政策体系形成与变迁具有稳定性、连续性、时效性、地域性等特征;③ 东北振兴政策从长期尺度看推动了区域经济发展,但地方对政策依赖度高,短期政策刺激效果明显但可持续性较差;④ 在政策引导和支持下,东北地区国企改革不断深化,创新驱动效果明显,但也面临关键技术瓶颈。

关键词: 东北振兴, 政策体系, 区域经济, 解构, 响应

Abstract:

This paper reviews a series of policies on Northeast Revitalization which were issued by the central and the local governments from 2003 to 2020. The authors analyze the relevant policies from three spatial dimensions, including the national, the provincial and the municipal levels, and deconstruct the policies in three attributes: hierarchy, type and time series. The analysis of the selected policies is assisted by Python's self-programming in text data mining. Lastly, the authors evaluate the effects of regional economy and the reformation of state-owned enterprises driven by the policies of Northeast Revitalization. The results indicate that: (1) The central government, the provincial-level regions and the prefecture-level cities have issued a series of policies in response to the Northeast Revitalization, forming a complex policy system with multi-type, multi-level and multiple time nodes. (2) The formation and transformation of Northeast Revitalization policy system has the characteristics of stability, continuity, timeliness and regionality. (3) The policies of Northeast Revitalization has a positive effect on the growth of reginal economy in a long run, however, the local governments highly depend on the policies, which leads to significant economc growth in the short term, but poor persistency for long-term development. (4) With the support of the policies, the reform of state-owned enterprises is strengthened and innovative achievements are made, yet, the challenges in the development of techniques cannot be neglected.

Key words: Northeast Revitalization, policy system, regional economy, deconstruction, response