地理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (8): 2083-2096.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202208016

• 地缘政治与世界地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国黑龙江省与俄远东跨境经济合作空间组织模式的演变

李晓玲1,6(), 刘志高2,3(), 谭爽1, 修春亮4, 贺红士5   

  1. 1.东北师范大学地理科学学院 长白山地理过程与生态安全教育部重点实验室,长春 130024
    2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    4.东北大学江河建筑学院,沈阳 110169
    5.密苏里大学自然资源学院,美国 密苏里州哥伦比亚 65211
    6.东北师范大学东北亚研究院,长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-13 修回日期:2022-04-06 出版日期:2022-08-25 发布日期:2022-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘志高(1974-), 男, 湖北江陵人, 博士, 副研究员, 硕士生导师, 研究方向为对外投资与海外园区。E-mail: liuzhigao@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:李晓玲(1987-), 女, 黑龙江富锦人, 博士, 副教授, 中国地理学会会员(S110011094M), 研究方向为中俄地缘关系与区域研究。E-mail: lixl027@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801108);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA19040403);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41630749)

Evolution of spatial organization pattern of economic cooperation between Heilongjiang of China and Far East of Russia

LI Xiaoling1,6(), LIU Zhigao2,3(), TAN Shuang1, XIU Chunliang4, HE Hongshi5   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographical Processes and Ecological Security in Changbai Mountains, Ministry of Education, School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. College of Jang Ho Architecture, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110169, China
    5. School of Natural Resources, University of Missouri 65211, USA
    6. Institute for Northeast China Research, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2021-09-13 Revised:2022-04-06 Published:2022-08-25 Online:2022-10-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801108);Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA19040403);Key projects of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41630749)

摘要:

“一带一路”倡议提出后,跨境经济合作的重要性愈发凸显。国内外学术界探讨了跨境经济合作的地缘政治环境及其合作内容,但鲜有研究深入探讨其空间组织模式历史演变。本文以布伦纳的新国家空间理论为基础,提出跨境经济合作多尺度空间组织模式的分析框架,以黑龙江和俄罗斯远东为例,探讨中俄跨境经济合作空间组织模式演变。研究表明:苏联解体后,中俄跨境经济合作空间组织模式大致经历了3个阶段:以边境贸易为主(20世纪90年代)、以境外产业园引领(2000—2013年)、以跨境交通走廊为导向(2013年至今)。20世纪80年代末,黑龙江省陆续开放对俄口岸,90年代初期中俄进入了边境贸易快速发展阶段。90年代中后期,以边境贸易为主导的中俄跨境经济合作模式危机凸显,引发2000年后以境外产业园引领的新一轮合作模式重构。2013年以后中俄两国政府开始实施以跨境交通走廊为引领的经济合作新模式。每次新模式的产生都是为解决旧有模式危机而采取的多尺度多维度要素重组的结果,新旧模式之间具有一定程度的历史依赖性。本文有助于丰富新国家空间理论,同时为中俄跨境经济高质量的发展提供科学基础。

关键词: 跨境经济合作, 空间组织模式, 多尺度, 俄罗斯远东, 中国黑龙江省

Abstract:

Since China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in 2013, transborder economic cooperation has received increasing attentions. The existing studies have focused on the geopolitical environments and the contents of cooperation, but few have examined the historical evolution of the spatial organization models of transborder economic cooperation. This study aims to fill the gap to explore the evolutionary process of the spatial organization models of transborder economic cooperation between China and Russia. Taking Heilongjiang Province of China and the Far East of Russia as a case, we proposed a novel framework for understanding trans-border economic cooperation from multi-scalar perspective, based on Brenner's New Nation Space theory. Our results reveal that the spatial organization pattern of China-Russia trans-border economic cooperation since the 1990s has experienced three evolutionary stages: transborder trade-based stage in the 1990s, overseas industrial park-based stage between 2000 and 2013, and transport corridor-oriented stage from 2013 to present. After the borders in Heilongjiang were gradually opened in the late 1980s, Sino-Russian transborder trades entered into a rapid development stage. After the mid-1990s, disputes and crises emerged in the transborder economic cooperation pattern propelled by border trade, which led to a new round of reshaped cooperation pattern of industrial parks established by Chinese enterprises. After 2013, the new mode of transportation corridor-oriented cooperation emerged because of the multi-scalar and multi-dimensional reorganization in order to respond to the crisis of the old pattern. The evolution suggests that there is a certain degree of historical dependence between the new and old patterns. This study extends the theory of New Nation Space and provides scientific basis for promoting high-quality development of transborder cooperation between China and Russia.

Key words: transborder economic cooperation, spatial organization pattern, multi-scale, Far East of Russia, Heilongjiang Province