地理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (8): 1971-1986.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202208009

• 经济地理与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

平原农区土地综合整治与乡村转型发展协同机制

孙婧雯1,2(), 刘彦随1,2,3(), 戈大专1,3, 陆玉麒1,3, 牛博1   

  1. 1.南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京210023
    2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3.江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-29 修回日期:2022-05-20 出版日期:2022-08-25 发布日期:2022-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘彦随(1965-), 男, 陕西绥德人, 研究员, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110005331M), 研究方向为农业与乡村地理学、城乡发展与人地系统科学。E-mail: liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:孙婧雯(1995-), 女, 山东禹城人, 博士生, 研究方向为乡村地理与城乡发展。E-mail: sunjw0525@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41931293);国家自然科学基金项目(42171171)

Coordinated mechanism between comprehensive land consolidation and rural transformation development in plain agricultural areas of China

SUN Jingwen1,2(), LIU Yansui1,2,3(), GE Dazhuan1,3, LU Yuqi1,3, NIU Bo1   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2021-09-29 Revised:2022-05-20 Published:2022-08-25 Online:2022-10-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41931293);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171171)

摘要:

平原农区是保障国家粮食安全的核心区,土地综合整治与乡村转型发展协同有利于缓解平原农区经济发展、耕地保护、生态保育等多重压力,保障乡村振兴政策落实。本文以“问题研判—策略梳理—机制构建—实证检验”为研究主线,探讨两者协同机制。研究表明:① 平原农区“三生”空间利用冲突显著,生产空间低值低效、生活空间无序空废、生态空间污损衰退共同制约乡村转型发展;② 面向土地价值提升、人居环境改善、产业融合发展的土地综合整治优化策略,有利于推动乡村转型发展;③ 新时期,土地综合整治由“以地为本”单要素调控转向“人、地、业、权”多要素协同综合整治,权利重组、空间重构、产业重塑是推动土地综合整治与乡村转型发展协同的核心机制;④ 平原农区典型地区禹城市,聚焦土地权属调整、空心村整治和现代产业培育,实现土地综合整治与乡村转型发展的协同推进。本文有利于深化平原农区人地系统科学新认知,为构建现代化国土空间治理体系和全面推进乡村振兴提供实践参考。

关键词: 土地综合整治, 乡村转型发展, 乡村地域系统, 协同机制, 平原农区

Abstract:

Plain agricultural areas are the core areas to ensure national food security. The coordination of comprehensive land consolidation and rural transformation development is of great importance in the alleviation of the multiple pressures of economic development, arable land protection and ecological conservation in plain agricultural areas, and guarantees the implementation of rural revitalization policies. We used the framework of "problem interpretation", "strategy refinement", "mechanism construction", and "empirical test" to explore the coordinated mechanism between comprehensive land consolidation and rural transformation development. The results show that: (1) There are significant conflicts in the utilization of "production-living-ecology" space in plain agricultural areas. The low value and inefficiency of production space, disorder and disuse of living space, as well as pollution and decline of ecological space jointly restrict the development of rural transformation. (2) The comprehensive land consolidation strategy for the promotion of land value, the improvement of living environment and the integrated development of industries is conducive to promoting rural transformation development. (3) In the new period, comprehensive land consolidation has been changed from "land-oriented" regulation to "human-land-industry-right" consolidation, and right reorganization, space reconstruction and reshaping of industry are the key mechanisms to promote the coordination of comprehensive land consolidation and rural transformation development. (4) Yucheng City, a typical plain agricultural area, focuses on the land-ownership adjustment, hollow village remediation and modern industrial cultivation, so as to realize the synergistic promotion of comprehensive land consolidation and rural transformation development. This study contributes to the deepening of the new scientific understanding of human-environment system in plain agricultural areas, and provides practical reference for developing the modernized space governance system and comprehensively promoting rural revitalization.

Key words: comprehensive land consolidation, rural transformation and development, rural regional system, coordination mechanism, plain agricultural areas