地理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (8): 1851-1872.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202208002

• 学科建设 • 上一篇    下一篇

地理学参与健康中国建设的重点领域与行动建议

龚胜生1,2(), 王无为1,3, 杨林生4, 柴彦威5, 周素红6, 黄蕾7, 王兰8, 程杨9, 葛淼10, 罗勇军11   

  1. 1.华中师范大学可持续发展研究中心/城市与环境科学学院,武汉 430079
    2.地理过程分析与模拟湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430079
    3.女王大学地理与规划系,加拿大 金士顿 K7L 3N6
    4.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    5.北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    6.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510006
    7.南京大学环境学院 污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室,南京 210023
    8.同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,上海 200092
    9.北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
    10.陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院健康地理研究所,西安 710119
    11.陆军军医大学陆军卫勤训练基地军事医学地理学教研室,重庆 400038
  • 收稿日期:2021-11-01 修回日期:2022-07-10 出版日期:2022-08-25 发布日期:2022-10-25
  • 作者简介:龚胜生(1965-), 男, 湖南涟源人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事健康地理学、历史地理学和可持续发展研究。E-mail: shshgong@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171408);国家社会科学基金项目(21VJXT015);湖北省自然科学基金项目(2016CFA026);华中师范大学优博培育项目(2020YBZZ003)

The key fields and action suggestions of geography participating in the construction of Healthy China

GONG Shengsheng1,2(), WANG Wuwei1,3, YANG Linsheng4, CHAI Yanwei5, ZHOU Suhong6, HUANG Lei7, WANG Lan8, CHENG Yang9, GE Miao10, LUO Yongjun11   

  1. 1. Institute of Sustainable Development, Central China Normal University, School of Urban and Environmental Science, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis and Simulation of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430079, China
    3. Department of Geography and Planning, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    4. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    5. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    6. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    7. State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    8. College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
    9. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    10. Institute of Health Geography, School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    11. Department of Military Medical Geography, Army Medical Service Training Base, Army Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China
  • Received:2021-11-01 Revised:2022-07-10 Published:2022-08-25 Online:2022-10-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41171408);National Social Science Foundation of China(21VJXT015);Natural Science Foundation of Hubei(2016CFA026);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central China Normal University(2020YBZZ003)

摘要:

健康与环境关系是最基本的人地关系,“健康中国”建设需要地理学参与。地理学能为健康中国建设提供基于发展战略、过程评价和政策导向的路径指引,基于人地关系和谐和空间系统优化的理论指导,基于健康生活引导、健康服务优化、健康环境营造、健康保障决策、健康产业布局的实践指南。地理学参与健康中国建设,可在居民健康素养、健康生活方式与时空行为、区域人群心理健康,重点人群健康服务、重大疾病监测防控、重点区域健康促进,健康大数据与信息系统、医疗卫生资源优化配置、健康服务可达性与公平性,气候变化的健康应对、健康生态环境建设、环境健康风险治理、健康城市(环境)建设、健康乡村(环境)建设、健康文化景观建设,道地药材开发与中医药产业布局、康养旅游与健身休闲产业布局、养老服务与妇婴产业布局等18个领域发挥独特优势。地理学参与健康中国建设还存在地理科学的健康基础薄弱、地理学者的参与意识不强、地理组织的政策支持不够等问题,需要强化问题导向和目标导向的健康地理学的理论、实证和政策研究,强化地理应用技术与地理科学思维深度融合的健康促进研究,强化地理组织对地理学者参与健康中国建设的系统引领与政策支持。

关键词: 健康中国建设, 地理学参与, 健康地理学, 重点领域, 对策建议

Abstract:

The interaction between health and environment is the most essential man-land relationship. Geography plays a significant role in the construction of Healthy China. It can provide path guidance based on development strategy, process evaluation and policy orientation, theoretical guidance based on man-land relationship harmony and spatial system optimization, and practical guidance based on healthy life, health service, health environment, health security and health industry layout. Combining the disciplinary characteristics of geography and the five key areas of the construction of Healthy China, geography could play a unique part in the 18 aspects, including sub-disciplines of health geography, tourism geography, economic geography, urban geography, behavioral geography, population geography, information geography, social geography, cultural geography, rural geography, and environmental geography. First, it promotes healthy life in areas of regional residents' health literacy, living style, and spatio-temporal behavior, as well as regional population mental health. Secondly, it improves healthy service in areas of disadvantaged people health service, major diseases prevention and control, and sustainable health in key regions. Thirdly, it constructs an environment in areas of healthy eco-environmental construction, healthy climate change response, environmental health risk detection, healthy urban and rural environmental construction, and healthy cultural landscape construction. Next, it enhances healthy protection in areas of geographic information system (GIS), optimization of medical resource allocation, healthy services accessibility, and fairness. Finally, it develops healthy industry in areas of development of local medicine and traditional Chinese medical industry, healthy tourism and entertainment, optimization of senior care, maternal and infant industry. However, nowadays, the contribution of geography in building the Healthy China is limited because of the following reasons: (1) weak basis for health geography; (2) lack of strong sense of participation; and (3) lack of policy support from geographical organization. In the future, more research should be focused on problem-oriented and policy-oriented geographical theory, empirical and policy research, health promotion research of deep integration of geographic technology and thinking, and systematic guidance and policy support for geographers to participate in the construction of Healthy China.

Key words: Healthy China construction, geography participation, health geography, key fields, action suggestions