地理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (4): 777-794.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202204002

• 理论与方法探索 • 上一篇    下一篇

论乡村空间治理与乡村振兴战略

戈大专(), 陆玉麒, 孙攀   

  1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院 江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-08 修回日期:2022-01-12 出版日期:2022-04-25 发布日期:2022-06-25
  • 作者简介:戈大专(1987-), 男, 江苏新沂人, 副教授, 硕士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110011568M), 主要从事乡村空间治理与土地利用转型研究。E-mail: gedz@njnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41901204);中国博士后科学基金项目(2019M660109);中国博士后科学基金项目(2021T140303);江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20190717);江苏省社会科学基金项目(19GLC002);江苏省高校自然科学研究项目(19KJB170018);江苏省自然资源科技项目(2021008)

The logic of rural spatial governance and revitalization

GE Dazhuan(), LU Yuqi, SUN Pan   

  1. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, School of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2021-09-08 Revised:2022-01-12 Published:2022-04-25 Online:2022-06-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No(41901204);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No(2019M660109);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No(2021T140303);Jiangsu Provincial Science Foundation, No(BK20190717);Jiangsu Provincial Social Science Foundation, No(19GLC002);Natural Science Foundation of the Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, No(19KJB170018);Natural Resources and Technology Program of Jiangsu Province, No(2021008)

摘要:

新时期乡村振兴挑战与空间利用问题密不可分,基于空间治理建构乡村振兴的理论体系和实践路径具有现实意义。本文基于“诉求→效应→路径→策略”解构方案,探讨了基于空间治理的乡村振兴可行性和内在逻辑体系。结果表明:① 乡村价值重构是确保乡村振兴目标实现的关键环节,乡村空间管控和发展权利配置可从乡村空间治理寻找突破口;乡村空间治理从物质空间治理、空间组织治理、空间权属治理入手,重构物质空间结构功能,重组空间组织关系,重塑空间价值分配体系;② 空间治理振兴乡村的效应从城乡互动关系优化、乡村内生动力激发、基层组织能力强化等层面加以呈现。③ 乡村空间治理推动城乡融合发展、激活乡村内生发展、保障组织机制,是落实乡村振兴的有效路径。④ “上下结合型”乡村空间治理有利于落实空间开发权利的合理配置;多元主体参与空间治理的渠道、能力与效应,推动空间发展目标落地和公平权益体系建设;“权利共享型”空间治理可在城乡共享、主体共享和区域共享中落实乡村振兴目标。研究结论可为完善乡村空间治理科学体系和落实乡村振兴战略提供参考。

关键词: 乡村空间治理, 城乡融合, 内生发展, 空间权利, 多元主体

Abstract:

The rural vitalization in the new era and space development and utilization are closely related. It is meaningful to construct a theoretical system and practical path of rural vitalization based on rural spatial governance. Based on the deconstruction framework of "demand→effect→path→strategy", this paper discusses the internal logic relationship between rural vitalization and spatial governance. The results show the following: (1) The reconstruction of rural value is the key to ensure the realization of rural vitalization; rural spatial governance can be a good way to realize the rights allocation and effective control of rural space; rural spatial governance includes material spatial governance, organization spatial governance, and ownership spatial governance; through spatial governance, the structure and function of physical space can be reconstructed, the organization relationship can be reorganized, and the value distribution can be reshaped. (2) The effect of spatial governance on rural vitalization is presented from the optimization of the urban-rural interaction, as well as the stimulation and strengthening of rural endogenous power, and the capabilities of grassroots organizations. (3) Rural spatial governance is an effective path to implement rural vitalization by promoting the urban-rural integration development, activating rural endogenous development, and ensuring the organizations mechanism. (4) The rural spatial governance system combines "top-down" and "bottom-up" forms to implement rational allocation of spatial development power. The channels, capabilities, and effects of multiple subjects participating in spatial governance will promote the realization of space development and the establishment of a system with equitable rights and interests. The "right-sharing" spatial governance can implement the rural revitalization strategy in urban-rural sharing, subject and regional sharing. In summary, the research will provide references for improving the scientific system of rural spatial governance and implementing the rural revitalization strategy.

Key words: rural spatial governance, urban-rural integration, endogenous development, spatial rights, multiple subjects