地理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (3): 534-546.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202203003

• 理论与方法探索 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于资源效率的国土空间布局及支撑体系框架

金贵1(), 郭柏枢2, 成金华1, 邓祥征3, 吴锋3()   

  1. 1.中国地质大学(武汉)经济管理学院,武汉 430074
    2.中国地质大学(武汉)艺术与传媒学院,武汉 430074
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-16 修回日期:2021-12-31 出版日期:2022-03-25 发布日期:2022-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 吴锋(1979-), 男, 河北张家口人, 博士, 副研究员, 硕士生导师, 主要从事复杂系统建模与可持续发展研究。E-mail: wufeng@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:金贵(1986-), 男, 江苏邳州人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事土地资源管理研究。E-mail: jingui@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71974070);国家自然科学基金项目(41501593);教育部人文社会科学研究基金项目(19YJCZH068)

Layout optimization and support system of territorial space: An analysis framework based on resource efficiency

JIN Gui1(), GUO Baishu2, CHENG Jinhua1, DENG Xiangzheng3, WU Feng3()   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. School of Arts and Communication, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-07-16 Revised:2021-12-31 Published:2022-03-25 Online:2022-05-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(71974070);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41501593);Humanities and Social Sciences Foundation of Ministry of Education of China(19YJCZH068)

摘要:

形成国土空间开发保护新格局是生态文明建设的首要任务之一,关键在于城镇、农业和生态空间的合理配置,重点是以较小的资源损耗支撑社会经济可持续发展,而深入理解资源效率的作用成效是科学优化国土空间布局的前提。本文框架以城镇利用、农业生产和生态转换效率测算为逻辑起点,构建以上述效率为核心的国土空间开发保护情景方案和评价指标体系,引入体现决策偏好差异模型评价国土空间发展潜力,定量刻画不同情景方案下的国土空间布局蓝图,最后通过综合性分析范式对不同决策导向的国土空间政策工具(布局蓝图)进行模拟和优选。本文通过揭示资源效率对国土空间开发保护的作用成效,提炼国土空间布局蓝图定量刻画的具体规律,构建权衡多方利弊的全局优化策略,为国家生态文明建设和自然资源统筹管理提供理论参考。

关键词: 研究框架, 国土空间, 资源效率, 开发保护, 发展潜力, 政策模拟

Abstract:

Forming a new territorial spatial pattern to rebalance the orientation of development and protection is one of the primary tasks in ecological civilization construction. The key to providing an effective territorial spatial pattern lies in realizing the rational allocation of urban space, agricultural space, and ecological space to support high-quality social and economic development as well as reducing the consumption of resources. Therefore, an in-depth understanding of the effects of resource efficiency on spatiotemporal patterns is a prerequisite for optimizing territorial space in a scientific manner. The technical framework in this paper analyses the resource efficiency of urban development, agricultural production, and ecological conservation as the logical starting point for the development of an optimal territorial spatial pattern. Firstly, the scenarios and index systems for the development and protections centered on resource efficiency are to be constructed; secondly, methods that reflect the preferences of decision-makers are to be designed, which will subsequently allow for the development capacity to be evaluated; thirdly, the blueprints of territorial space under different scenarios are to be created; and, finally, socioeconomic and ecological impacts of policy tools (blueprints) under different decision-making preferences are to be simulated based on comprehensive analysis tools. The research framework includes the following contents: the evaluation of the effectiveness of the allocation of territorial space from the perspective of resource efficiency, the refinement of specific laws for quantitatively portraying blueprints, and the construction of a global optimization strategy that weighs the pros and cons of various options for all parties involved. The research framework and its application can then be used as references for natural resources management and ecological civilization construction.

Key words: research framework, territorial space, resource efficiency, development and protection, development capacity, policy simulation