地理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (2): 315-330.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202202004

• 百年变局与世界地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

经济全球化变革下的世界经济地理与中国角色

朱晟君1(), 杨博飞1, 刘逸2()   

  1. 1.北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
    2.中山大学旅游学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-27 修回日期:2021-06-04 出版日期:2022-02-25 发布日期:2022-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘逸(1980-), 男, 广东汕头人, 副教授, 博士生导师, 研究方向为经济地理、旅游地理、全球化与区域发展。E-mail: liuyi89@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:朱晟君(1984-), 男, 安徽淮北人, 博士, 研究员, 研究方向为产业升级、全球化与区域发展。E-mail: zhus@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971154);国家自然科学基金项目(42122006);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41731278)

The dynamics of world economy geography and the role of China in economic globalization

ZHU Shengjun1(), YANG Bofei1, LIU Yi2()   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2020-07-27 Revised:2021-06-04 Published:2022-02-25 Online:2022-04-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971154);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42122006);Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41731278)

摘要:

经济全球化浪潮下的世界经济地理格局和中国角色演变一直以来都是学术界关注的热点问题,然而当前学界偏重从国家经济模式和国际贸易角度来解释这种格局的变化,而较为缺乏基于生产组织视角的经济地理解释。因此,本文从经济地理视角出发,解析经济全球化浪潮下世界经济地理格局变动与中国角色的演变。本文揭示了在三次全球化浪潮的冲击下,世界经济地理格局从“核心—边缘”到“链式重构”再到“网络不均衡”的演变过程,以及经济全球化的驱动力如何从“贸易全球化”转变为“生产全球化”,继而朝“多元全球化”演进。本文还论述了中国如何通过战略耦合模式的动态调整实现从经济全球化的参与者到变革者的转变。本文认为这种角色转变,改变了西方发达经济体对后发经济体的预设发展路径,以及经典的产业梯度转移理论所预测的空间秩序,为全球化格局的变动带来新的重构动力与可能。最后,本文结合此次新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情全球爆发带来的影响对未来经济全球化发展存在的可能路径进行分析,并从经济地理学视角为中国未来经济全球化发展道路选择提供了参考建议。

关键词: 经济全球化, 世界经济地理, 中国模式, 全球生产网络, 战略耦合

Abstract:

From the perspective of economic geography, this paper studies the changing spatial pattern of world economy and China's role in different waves of economic globalization. Firstly, this study finds that the geographical pattern of world economy changes from "core-periphery" to "chain-reconfiguration", and to current "network-imbalance". Meanwhile the driving force of economic globalization shifts from "trade globalization" to "manufacturing globalization". At present, "multiple globalization" is involving into a new engine to driving the development of economic globalization. We then discuss that how China changes its role in economic globalization by changing modes of strategic coupling. We argue that the role transition of China breaks the traditional developing path which developed countries set for developing countries and theoretical spatial order put forward by classical industry gradient transfer, bringing new restructuring power and possibility for changing pattern of globalization. Finally, we discuss the impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on the development of economic globalization and the development trend of economic globalization in the post-pandemic era. Based on the analysis, we come up with some suggestions regarding to the potential development paths of China under the background of economic globalization.

Key words: economic globalization, world economy geography, Chinese model, Global Production Network, strategic coupling