地理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (2): 261-274.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202202001

• 地缘战略思想 •    下一篇

胡焕庸的地缘战略思想及其时代价值

杜德斌1,2,3(), 曹宛鹏1,2,3, 夏启繁1,2,3, 易鑫磊1,2,3, 马亚华1,2,3,4   

  1. 1.华东师范大学世界地理与地缘战略研究中心,上海 200062
    2.南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州),广州 511458
    3.华东师范大学全球创新与发展研究院,上海 200062
    4.上海师范大学商学院,上海 200234
  • 收稿日期:2021-12-14 修回日期:2022-01-11 出版日期:2022-02-25 发布日期:2022-04-25
  • 作者简介:杜德斌(1963-), 男, 湖北宜昌人, 教授, 博士生导师, 研究方向为世界政治经济地理与科技创新战略。E-mail: dbdu@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州)人才团队引进重大专项(GML2019ZD0601)

Hu Huanyong's geostrategic thought and its monumental contributions

DU Debin1,2,3(), CAO Wanpeng1,2,3, XIA Qifan1,2,3, YI Xinlei1,2,3, MA Yahua1,2,3,4   

  1. 1. Center for World Geography and Geostrategic Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), Guangzhou 511458, China
    3. Institute for Global Innovation and Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    4. School of Finance and Business, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
  • Received:2021-12-14 Revised:2022-01-11 Published:2022-02-25 Online:2022-04-25
  • Supported by:
    Key Special Project for Introduced Talents Team of Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou)(GML2019ZD0601)

摘要:

胡焕庸是著名地理学家、地理教育家,中国人文地理学奠基人之一、地缘政治研究先驱和杰出的地缘战略家。本文首次系统梳理胡焕庸鲜为人知的地缘战略研究成果及学术思想,发掘其在当今复杂国际地缘政治形势下的时代价值。胡焕庸以时代问题为导向,以历史使命为驱动,发表诸多地缘战略研究成果,为后世留下许多经典隽永的学术思想,包括系统论证南海诸岛属于中国,并首次命名南沙群岛,全面分析中国发展的地缘安全形势,预判日本侵华企图及美日冲突的必然性,重视边疆治理与国防建设,多次强烈呼吁收回琉球群岛,强调地理学家是国家开疆拓土先锋,倡导地理学与国防教育结合等。在世界百年未有之大变局和中华民族伟大复兴的时代背景下,传承和弘扬胡焕庸的地缘战略思想,尤具现实意义。

关键词: 胡焕庸, 地缘战略, 世界地理, 南沙群岛

Abstract:

Hu Huanyong is one of the founders of modern Chinese human geography, a pioneer of geopolitical research and an outstanding thinker of geostrategy. This paper evaluates Hu Huanyong's geostrategic thought in the context of the changing international geopolitical environment in which China has embarked upon its path of national development. Hu Huanyong is believed to be the pioneer and visionary geographer who has long-term influence on China's geopolitical research and the formulation of China's geostrategy. He is credited for his systematic demonstration of the Chinese sovereignty over the islands in the South China Sea, namely the Nansha Qundao, Dongsha Qundao, Zhongsha Qundao, and Xisha Qundao, particularly his first naming of Nansha Qundao. He is ahead of his times with his comprehensive study of China's geopolitical environment, his prediction of the inevitable Japanese invasion into China and armed conflicts between Japan and the US, and his call for special attention to border governance and national security and defense. He has strongly advocated the recovery of the Ryukyu Islands, stressed the role that geographers play as the vanguards of China's territorial development, and called for a better integration of geography with national defense education. The paper concludes with an observation of the great significance to inherit and carry forward Hu Huanyong's geostrategic thought in the current global geopolitical environment characterized by unprecedented changes of the world in a century and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Key words: Hu Huanyong, geostrategy, world geography, Nansha Qundao