地理学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (1): 16-34.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202201002

• 气候变化与冰冻圈文化服务 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国冰冻圈文化服务专题区划研究

王世金1,2(), 徐新武2,3, 窦文康4, 秦大河1,2()   

  1. 1.中国科学院西北生态环境与资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室,兰州 730000
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    3.中国气象局,北京100081
    4.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-02 修回日期:2021-12-27 出版日期:2022-01-25 发布日期:2022-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 秦大河(1947-), 男, 研究员, 中国科学院院士, 主要从事气候变化和冰冻圈科学与可持续发展研究。E-mail: qdh@cma.gov.cn
  • 作者简介:王世金(1975-), 男, 研究员, 主要从事冰冻圈与可持续发展研究。E-mail: wangshijin@lzb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41690143);国家自然科学基金项目(41721091)

Special regionalization of cryosphere culture service in China

WANG Shijin1,2(), XU Xinwu2,3, DOU Wenkang4, QIN Dahe1,2()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China
    4. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2021-06-02 Revised:2021-12-27 Published:2022-01-25 Online:2022-03-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41690143);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41721091)

摘要:

本文以中国冰冻圈服务综合区划、自然和人文地理区划等理论、方法为基础,综合中国冰冻圈主要组成要素(冰川、冻土、积雪)及其社会文化要素(民族、历史、聚落、旅游文化和行政区划),采用相似性与差异性、综合性与主导性、等级性与逻辑性和空间连续与行政边界相结合的方法,提出了“文化服务+文化产业+经济开发”导向的中国冰冻圈文化服务专题区划方案。根据空间聚类方法和专家判断,将其划分为青藏高原冰川—冻土—积雪文化区、西北冰川—积雪文化区、东北冻土—积雪文化区、北方积雪文化区和南方积雪文化区5个一级区划大区,依据文化与地域要素异质性原则,再细分为12个二级区划亚类和51个三级区划基本类型。专题区划方案与中国冰冻圈空间分布、中国自然地理综合区划、中国人文地理综合区划等的吻合度较高,体现了冰冻圈组成要素与冰冻圈区域文化要素的依存关系及区域空间异质性规律。本文深化了对中国冰冻圈文化服务及其空间异质性的认知,可为冰冻圈文化保护、传承、发扬,以及不同区域冰冻圈文化、旅游产业的开发及相关产业的运营、管理提供科学依据。

关键词: 冰冻圈, 文化服务, 专题区划, 地理要素, 区域空间异质性

Abstract:

Drawing on the theories and methods of China's cryosphere service regionalization, physical and human geography regionalization, this paper integrates the components of China's cryosphere (glaciers, frozen soil and snow cover) and its social and cultural elements (nationalities, history, settlements, tourism culture and administrative divisions) and puts forward a special regionalization scheme of Chinese cryosphere culture service oriented by "cultural service+cultural industry+economic development" by using the methods of similarity and difference, comprehensiveness and dominance, hierarchy and logic, spatial continuity and administrative boundary. Based on spatial clustering method and the expert judgment, Chinese cryosphere culture divisions can be identified into five regions, namely, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau glacier-frozen soil- snow cover-culture region, northwestern China glacier - snow cover culture region, northeastern China frozen soil- snow cover culture region, northern China snow cover culture region and southern China snow cover culture region. According to the heterogeneity of culture and region, the five regions can be divided into 12 subcategories and 51 basic types. The thematic regionalization scheme is in good agreement with the spatial distribution of the cryosphere and the comprehensive regionalization of physical geography and human geography, which reflects the interdependent relationship between natural elements of the cryosphere and cultural elements of the cryosphere region and the rules of regional spatial heterogeneity. This research can deepen the understanding of China's cryospheric cultural service and their spatial heterogeneity, and provides a scientific basis for the protection, inheritance and promotion of cryospheric culture, as well as the development of cryospheric tourism industry, and the operation and management of related industries in different regions.

Key words: cryosphere, culture service, special regionalization, geographical factor, regional spatial heterogeneity