地理学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (9): 2094-2103.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202109004

• 地理科学学科体系与发展战略 • 上一篇    下一篇

信息地理学学科体系与发展战略要点

李新1,2(), 袁林旺3, 裴韬2,4, 黄昕5, 刘广6, 郑东海1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院青藏高原研究所 青藏高原地球系统与资源环境国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    3.南京师范大学 虚拟地理环境教育部重点实验室,南京 210023
    4.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    5.武汉大学遥感信息工程学院,武汉 430079
    6.中国科学院空天信息创新研究院 数字地球重点实验室,北京 100094
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-13 修回日期:2021-08-27 出版日期:2021-09-25 发布日期:2021-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 李新(1969-), 男, 甘肃酒泉人, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事流域集成、数据同化、冰冻圈遥感与信息系统研究。E-mail: xinli@itpcas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41988101)

Disciplinary structure and development strategy ofinformation geography in China

LI Xin1,2(), YUAN Linwang3, PEI Tao2,4, HUANG Xin5, LIU Guang6, ZHENG Donghai1,2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Tibetan Plateau Earth System and Resource Environment, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    4. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    5. School of Remote Sensing and Information Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
    6. Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Science, Aerospace Information Research Institute, CAS, Beijing 100094, China
  • Received:2021-04-13 Revised:2021-08-27 Published:2021-09-25 Online:2021-11-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41988101)

摘要:

信息时代的到来极大地促进了地理科学的发展,地理科学的研究已从传统的自然地理空间、人文地理空间拓展到了信息地理空间,催生了信息地理学的发展,并逐渐形成了地理遥感科学、地理信息科学和地理数据科学3个分支学科。在《中国学科及前沿领域发展战略研究(2021—2035)》地理科学的学科规划背景下,本文梳理了信息地理学的形成、定义和学科体系,重点阐述了信息地理学的学科发展战略布局、优先领域发展目标和重点方向。以期本文有助于促进遥感、地理信息科学与技术的发展和应用回归地理科学,进一步强化地理科学研究,使其更加系统化、科学化和现代化,促进地理科学的整体发展。

关键词: 信息地理学, 地理遥感科学, 地理信息科学, 地理数据科学, 学科体系

Abstract:

The arrival of the information era has exceptionally advanced the development of geographic science. The research scope of the discipline has expanded from the space of traditional physical and human geography to the space of information geography. Meanwhile, the discipline gradually formed three subdisciplines, i.e., geographic remote sensing science, geographic information science, and geographic data science. In the context of preparing the disciplinary structure of geographic science of the "Development Strategy of Discipline and Frontier Research in China (2021-2035)", this paper summarized the history, definition, and disciplinary structure of information geography. Additionally, it highlighted the strategic layout of the discipline, as well as the goals and key directions of its priority development fields. We expect this paper to provide insight into the new discipline that could help promote the developments and applications of remote sensing and geographic information within the framework of geographic science, strengthening the synthesis of geographic research and promoting the integrated development of geographic science.

Key words: information geography, geographic remote sensing science, geographic information science, geographic data science, disciplinary structure