地理学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (9): 2074-2082.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202109002

• 地理科学学科体系与发展战略 • 上一篇    下一篇

自然地理学学科体系与发展战略要点

陈发虎1,2,3(), 吴绍洪3,4, 刘鸿雁5, 杨晓燕1,2,6, 刘建宝1,2,3   

  1. 1.中国科学院青藏高原研究所 青藏高原地球系统与资源环境国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院青藏高原研究所 古生态与人类适应团队,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    4.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    5.北京大学城市与环境学院,北京100871
    6.兰州大学资源环境学院,兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-12 修回日期:2021-08-18 出版日期:2021-09-25 发布日期:2021-11-25
  • 作者简介:陈发虎(1962-), 男, 陕西丹凤人, 博士, 研究员, 中国科学院院士, 发展中国家科学院院士, 中国地理学会会士(S110004201M), 主要从事气候环境变化及史前人—环境相互作用研究。E-mail: fhchen@itpcas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41530749);国家自然科学基金项目(41842050)

Disciplinary structure and development strategy ofphysical geography in China

CHEN Fahu1,2,3(), WU Shaohong3,4, LIU Hongyan5, YANG Xiaoyan1,2,6, LIU Jianbao1,2,3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Tibetan Plateau Earth System, Resources and Environment, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Alpine Paleoecology and Human Adaptation Group (ALPHA), Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    5. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    6. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2021-04-12 Revised:2021-08-18 Published:2021-09-25 Online:2021-11-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41530749);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41842050)

摘要:

自然地理学是地理科学的一门基础学科,同时也是生态学、环境科学等相关学科的科学基础。自然地理学重点研究地球表层自然环境的空间特征、演变过程及其地域分异规律,以及过去人—环境相互作用的发展过程。在社会经济和科学技术快速发展的新时期,自然地理学与综合地理学、人文地理学、信息地理学的联系更加密切和广泛。本文结合《中国学科及前沿领域发展战略研究(2021—2035)》地理科学的学科规划,分析自然地理学学科的形成过程,阐述综合自然地理学、部门自然地理学、人类生存环境学的分支学科体系,提出自然地理学及其分支学科的学科发展战略布局、优先领域发展目标和重点方向。

关键词: 自然地理学, 学科体系, 发展战略

Abstract:

Physical geography, one of the branches of geographic science, is the basic discipline of geographic science. And it is the scientific foundation of ecology, environmental science and other related disciplines. Physical geography focuses on spatial characteristics, evolution and regional differentiation of the earth's surface. In the new period of rapid development of social economy, and science and technology, physical geography is more closely and widely connected with human geography and, information geography. Based on "The Development Strategy of Discipline and the Frontier Research (2021-2035)" and geography subject planning, this paper analyzed the forming process of the physical geography, expressed sub-discipline structure of comprehensive physical geography, sectoral physical geography, human survival environment, and proposed the development strategy of physical geography and its branch disciplines, key priority of development goals and directions.

Key words: physical geography, discipline system, development strategy