地理学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (9): 2069-2073.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202109001

• 地理科学学科体系与发展战略 •    下一篇

中国地理科学学科体系浅析

陈发虎1,2,3(), 李新1,3, 吴绍洪3,4, 樊杰3,5, 熊巨华6, 张国友7   

  1. 1.中国科学院青藏高原研究所 青藏高原地球系统与资源环境国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院青藏高原研究所 古生态与人类适应团队,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    4.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    5.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    6.国家自然科学基金委员会地球科学部,北京 100085
    7.中国地理学会,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-12 修回日期:2021-08-23 出版日期:2021-09-25 发布日期:2021-11-25
  • 作者简介:陈发虎(1962-), 男, 陕西丹凤人, 博士, 研究员, 中国科学院院士, 发展中国家科学院院士, 中国地理学会会士(S110004201M), 主要从事气候环境变化及史前人—环境相互作用研究。E-mail: fhchen@itpcas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41988101)

Disciplinary structure of geographic science in China

CHEN Fahu1,2,3(), LI Xin1,3, WU Shaohong3,4, FAN Jie3,5, XIONG Juhua6, ZHANG Guoyou7   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Tibetan Plateau Earth System, Resource and Environment, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Alpine Paleoecology and Human Adaptation Group (ALPHA), Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    5. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling,Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    6. Department of Earth Science, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing 100085, China
    7. The Geographical Society of China, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-04-12 Revised:2021-08-23 Published:2021-09-25 Online:2021-11-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41988101)

摘要:

新的国际和国内形势为地理科学带了新的发展机遇,同时也提出了更高的要求。以《中国学科及前沿领域发展战略研究(2021—2035)》地理科学的学科规划为契机,本文系统梳理了新时期地理科学的学科体系。根据地理科学现状和发展趋势,中国地理科学可划分为综合地理学、自然地理学、人文地理学和信息地理学4个二级学科,各二级学科下的三级学科也基本成熟,有些三级学科下的四级学科名称也在普遍使用。我们希望以这一新的学科体系为支点,完善地理科学的学科分支,推动地理科学框架下新兴学科的发展,更好地服务于新时期国际及国家的战略需求。

关键词: 地理科学, 综合地理学, 自然地理学, 人文地理学, 信息地理学, 学科体系

Abstract:

The modern international and domestic science advancements have brought forward new opportunities as well as higher requirements to the development of geographic science in China. In planning the disciplinary structure of geographic science in the "Development Strategy of Discipline and Frontier Research in China (2021-2035)", we propose a modified disciplinary structure for the geographic science in the new era. The geographic science in China can be categorized into four secondary disciplines, i.e., integrated geography, physical geography, human geography, and information geography, considering the current situation and development outlook of geographic science. The tertiary disciplines under each secondary discipline are nearly fully developed, and a few quaternary disciplines under tertiary disciplines have already been widely accepted and used. We hope this new disciplinary structure can play a breakthrough role for improving the branches of geographic science, promoting the development of emerging disciplines under the framework of geographic science, and better serving the international and domestic development needs in the new era.

Key words: geographic science, integrated geography, physical geography, human geography, information geography, disciplinary structure