地理学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (6): 1504-1520.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202106013

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于全球地方化视角的旅游地演化理论探讨与展望

陆林1(), 张清源1,2, 黄剑锋1, 任以胜3   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学地理与旅游学院,芜湖 241003
    2. 华东师范大学地理科学学院,上海 200241
    3. 安徽师范大学经济管理学院,芜湖 241003
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-28 修回日期:2021-03-13 出版日期:2021-06-25 发布日期:2021-08-25
  • 作者简介:陆林(1962-), 男, 安徽芜湖人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110000078M), 主要从事旅游地理教学与科研工作。E-mail: llin@263.net
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41930644)

A theoretical research and prospect of tourism destination evolution based on a glocalization perspective

LU Lin1(), ZHANG Qingyuan1,2, HUANG Jianfeng1, REN Yisheng3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China
    2. School of Geography Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    3. School of Economics and Management, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China
  • Received:2020-04-28 Revised:2021-03-13 Published:2021-06-25 Online:2021-08-25
  • Supported by:
    Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41930644)

摘要:

伴随中国城市化快速推进和国民经济快速发展,旅游已经成为中国社会经济的新兴发展要素和新兴发展动能,不断推动全球化力量与地方化力量在旅游地空间产生联结。已有旅游地演化研究对结构主义等近现代人文地理学的重要研究范式关注不足,缺乏旅游地演化的系统性研究。旅游地是一类特殊的地域空间系统,全球化和地方化是推动旅游地演化的重要力量,具有对立统一的辩证关系。基于全球地方化的整体性研究视角,构建概念框架并进行研究展望,旨在为后续的旅游地演化研究提供理论依据和实践路径。研究认为:全球地方化理论在旅游地演化研究方面具有较好的适用性,其从外在结构和内在机理层面为旅游地演化提供了良好的理论基础;通过全球地方化理论,旅游地演化的过程与机制研究与中国社会经济发展的诸多问题建立了联系,拓宽了传统旅游地演化命题的研究思路;多尺度、多地域、多类型的空间模式研究是开展全球地方化视角下旅游地演化研究的具体路径,为中国旅游地演化的系统性研究提供了实践方案。全球地方化视角下的旅游地演化契合中国人地关系的时空演变,为中国旅游地理学研究范式转型和创新提供了思路。

关键词: 全球地方化, 旅游地, 演化, 尺度, 结构主义

Abstract:

With the rapid development of urbanization and national economy in China, tourism is becoming an important factor and momentum of social and economic development. Tourism constantly reconstructs the spatial form of China's tourist destinations and surrounding regions, and promotes the connection between global and local forces in the space of tourist destinations. Tourist destinations are a special regional spatial system. Globalization and localization are important forces to promote tourist destination evolution, which have dialectical and unified logical relationships. Existing studies on tourism destination evolution have paid little attention to the important paradigms of modern Western human geography, such as structuralism. Based on the holistic research perspective of glocalization, this paper constructs a conceptual framework and makes research prospects, aiming at providing theoretical basis and practical paths for the follow-up study of tourism destination evolution. The research concludes that the theory of glocalization has a good applicability in the study of tourism destination evolution, which provides a theoretical foundation for tourism destination evolution based on the external structure and internal mechanism. The process and mechanism of tourism destination evolution are related to various aspects of social and economic development in China according to the theory of global localization, which broadens the research thinking of the traditional proposition of tourism destination evolution. From the perspective of glocalization, the spatial pattern research of multi-scale, multi-region and multi-type is a specific way to examine the tourist destination evolution, and it provides a practical scheme for the systematic study of tourist destination evolution in China. Tourist destination evolution in the glocalization perspective corresponds to the spatial and temporal evolution of man-land relationship in China, and provides ideas for the transformation and innovation of the research paradigm of tourism geography in China.

Key words: glocalization, tourism destination, evolution, scale, structuralism