地理学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (2): 428-443.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202102013

• 产业与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

环南海区域发展特征与一体化经济区建设前景

金凤君1,2(), 姚作林1,2,3, 陈卓1   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    3.北京师范大学地理科学部,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-26 修回日期:2020-10-01 出版日期:2021-02-25 发布日期:2021-04-25
  • 作者简介:金凤君(1961-), 男, 内蒙古赤峰人, 研究员, 博士生导师, 主要从事区域经济学与经济地理学研究。E-mail: jinfj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA19040403);国家自然科学基金项目(41771134)

Development characteristics and construction prospects for an integrated economic zone in the South China Sea Region

JIN Fengjun1,2(), YAO Zuolin1,2,3, CHEN Zhuo1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Faculty of Geographical science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2019-08-26 Revised:2020-10-01 Published:2021-02-25 Online:2021-04-25
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA19040403);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771134)

摘要:

《区域全面经济伙伴关系协定》(RCEP)合作框架正催化全球经济版图格局发生剧烈演变,为应对“百年未有之大变局”,中国需要以“一带一路”倡议为契机,以环南海区域为战略基点,在深入研究区域发展特征的基础上,探讨建设“中国+东南亚”战略性一体化经济区的可能性并付诸实施。本文以环南海区域为重点,结合区域发展重点指标描述了其整体发展特征,利用产业结构相似度指数和贸易结构重合度指数,对环南海区域产业与对外贸易的结构性特征进行了剖析,并刻画了环南海区域核心增长区域的空间网络特征,最后讨论了环南海区域构建多元一体化经济区的前景并提出政策建议。结果表明:① 2000—2017年环南海区域主要发展指标增长态势强劲,发展速度和质量远超全球同期平均水平。② 在全球产业转移周期阶段与空间路径的双重驱动下,环南海区域形成了“澳新港—粤闽台文马—滇桂琼泰印菲越—缅老柬”四大梯级发展格局。③ 环南海区域11个国家间产业结构相似度指数和贸易结构重合度指数均处于较高水平,兼具“横向一体化”和“纵向梯级化”复合特征;产业结构与全球贸易商品结构呈现出“高端化”和“低端化”并举的态势。④ 环南海区域已经形成九大核心增长区域,增长极的极化与扩散效应使得不同区域之间的优势产业和出口商品类型呈现相似性和互补性。⑤ 展望未来,新一轮全球产业转移及其引致的全球价值链重组将构建起深度匹配地区资源禀赋特征的区域一体化生产—消费网络,而城市群、高速交通等空间实体所构建的“点—轴”空间网络和“内—外”开放合作政策平台也将更好保障一体化经济区的构建与发展。

关键词: 环南海区域, 经济区, 东盟, 区域一体化, 全球化与本土化

Abstract:

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) of China is sharply catalyzing the evolution of the global economic landscape. In order to cope with these great changes, China needs to take South China Sea Region (SCSR) as its strategic pivot and explore the construction possibility of a strategic integrated economic zone combining China and ASEAN. Based on key indicators, this paper outlines the overall development characteristics of SCSR, analyses the structural characteristics of industry and trade based on the indexes of industrial structure similarity and trade structure coincidence, depicts the spatial network characteristics of the core growth area around SCSR, and discusses the construction prospect of multiple integrated economic zone in SCSR. The results show that: (1) From 2000 to 2017, the main economic indicators of SCSR grew pretty well, the development speed and quality were much higher than the global average level in the same period. (2) Driven by the global industrial transfer stages and spatial paths, SCSR has evolved into four levels, the first level includes Macao, Singapore, and Hong Kong, the second level includes Guangdong, Fujian, Taiwan, Brunei and Malaysia, the third level includes Yunnan, Guangxi, Hainan, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam, the fourth level includes Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia. (3) The indexes of industrial structure similarity and trade structure coincidence of 11 countries in SCSR keep at a high level, which do not only show the integration trend from the horizontal and vertical dimensions, but also from the upgrading and downgrading states. (4) SCSR has formed nine core growth regions, and the advantage industries and export commodity types between different regions are characterized by convergence and complementarity due to the polarization and diffusion effect of the growth poles. (5) From a long-term perspective, SCSR has had the external and internal conditions for building a multiple integrated economic zone. The 5th round of global industrial transfer and the reconstruction of the global value chain will build a production-consumption network which can match the characteristics of regional resource endowments, while the spatial network will be built by spatial entities such as urban agglomeration and high-speed transportation, and the cooperation policy platform from internal and external conditions will better guarantee the construction of the multiple integrated economic zone as well.

Key words: South China Sea Region (SCSR), economic zone, ASEAN, regional integration, globalization and localization