地理学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (2): 295-309.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202102004

• 理论探索 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于土地系统科学的土地利用转型与城乡融合发展

龙花楼1,2(), 陈坤秋1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-27 修回日期:2021-01-12 出版日期:2021-02-25 发布日期:2021-04-25
  • 作者简介:龙花楼(1971-), 男, 湖南醴陵人, 博士, 研究员, 博士生导师, 主要从事城乡发展与土地利用转型研究。E-mail: longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41731286);国家自然科学基金项目(41971216)

Urban-rural integrated development and land use transitions: A perspective of land system science

LONG Hualou1,2(), CHEN Kunqiu1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-08-27 Revised:2021-01-12 Published:2021-02-25 Online:2021-04-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41731286);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971216)

摘要:

土地系统科学的研究视角可为促进城乡融合发展的土地利用转型研究提供参考借鉴。本文在梳理国际上土地系统科学发展历程基础上,基于土地系统科学研究视角探讨了土地利用转型影响城乡融合发展的理论框架、方式与路径以及促进城乡融合发展的土地利用转型调控途径与措施。土地系统科学致力于监测土地变化,解释驱动因素和反馈机制,理解发生于土地上的人类—环境相互作用,实现将对土地系统的科学发现转化为可持续土地利用解决方案。土地系统运行以土地可持续利用与人类福祉为准绳,显化为土地利用的多维效应。通过科学管控土地利用转型实现土地系统的良好运行能够影响城乡融合发展进程。土地利用转型通过效率提升、价值显化、要素流通与结构优化4大渠道,在“强整体”效应与“补短板”效应的作用下助推城乡融合发展。基于土地系统科学视域下促进城乡融合发展的土地利用转型调控需要重塑土地权能体系,推进国土空间综合整治,健全土地利用转型管控体系。

关键词: 土地利用转型, 城乡融合发展, 土地系统科学, 人地关系地域系统, 土地可持续利用

Abstract:

The research perspective of land system science can provide a reference for the study of urban-rural integrated development promoted by land use transitions. Based on the review of the development of land system science, this paper discusses the theoretical framework concerning land use transitions affecting urban-rural integrated development guided by land system science, the influential ways and paths of land use transitions on urban-rural integrated development, and the measures of promoting urban-rural integrated development via adjusting and controlling land use transitions. Land system science is committed to monitoring land use change, explaining the driving forces and feedback mechanism, understanding the human-environment interactions occurring on land, and translating scientific findings on land system into solutions for sustainable land use. The operating of land system takes sustainable land use and human well-being as the criterions, and manifests as multi-dimensional effects of land use. Operating well the land system via scientifically adjusting and controlling land use transitions can affect the process of urban-rural integrated development. Land use transitions promote the integrated development of urban and rural areas under the effects of strengthening the whole and reinforcing weak links through four channels, i.e., efficiency improvement, value embodiment, development elements circulation and structure optimization. In order to promote the integrated development of urban and rural areas from the perspective of land system science, the adjustment and control of land use transitions need to reshape the land use rights system, to promote the integrated consolidation of territorial space, and to improve the management and control system of land use transitions.

Key words: land use transition, urban-rural integrated development, land system science, human-land territorial system, sustainable land use