地理学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (2): 277-294.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202102003

• 理论探索 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国沿海地区高质量发展的路径

孙久文(), 蒋治   

  1. 中国人民大学应用经济学院,北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-12 修回日期:2020-12-28 出版日期:2021-02-25 发布日期:2021-04-25
  • 作者简介:孙久文(1956-), 男, 北京人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 研究方向为区域经济、城市经济。E-mail: sunjw@ruc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42071155)

Paths of high-quality development in China's coastal areas

SUN Jiuwen(), JIANG Zhi   

  1. School of Applied Economics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2019-10-12 Revised:2020-12-28 Published:2021-02-25 Online:2021-04-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071155)

摘要:

高质量发展是跨越中等收入陷阱、跻身发达经济体的关键举措。随着改革开放的深入,沿海地区正日益成为经济增长的压舱石、国家制造业中心、打造创新型国家的前沿地带、开放型经济建设的排头兵、绿色发展的示范窗口,具备高质量发展的典型特征,将有效带动内陆地区步入高质量发展的正轨,形成对整个国家高质量发展的有力支撑,塑造区域协调发展新格局。结合沿海地区高质量发展的现状与特征,本文从经济增长、产业实力、创新能力、对外开放、绿色发展五方面入手,重点探究沿海地区整体以及沿海北部、中部、南部地区在高质量发展进程中的突出问题,分析其背后的现实原因,为设计具有针对性的高质量发展路径提供价值参考。新时代背景下,沿海地区高质量发展需把握京津冀协同发展、长三角一体化、粤港澳大湾区建设的历史性机遇,产业升级战略、自主创新战略、对外开放战略、生态文明战略并济,遵循提升产业核心竞争力、激发创新活力、发展高水平开放型经济、深化生态文明建设等路径,协同推进沿海北部、中部、南部地区高质量发展,巩固沿海地区的引领地位。

关键词: 高质量发展, 沿海地区, 突出问题, 路径构想

Abstract:

High-quality development is the key measure to overcome the middle-income trap and join the advanced economy. With the deepening of reform and opening up, coastal areas have increasingly become the ballast of the economic growth, the center of national manufacturing, the frontier zone for building an innovative country, the pacesetter for constructing an open economy, and the demonstration window for green development. With typical characteristics of high-quality development, coastal areas will effectively drive the hinterland areas to the right track of high-quality development in order to form a strong support for the country's high-quality development, shaping a new pattern of coordinated regional development. According to the status quo and characteristics of high-quality development in coastal areas, this paper focuses on exploring outstanding problems of coastal areas as a whole and the northern, central and southern coastal areas in the process of high-quality development from five aspects of economic growth, industrial strength, innovation ability, opening up and green development. By analyzing realistic reasons for these problems, valuable references for the design of targeted high-quality development paths are designed. In the new era, coastal areas should grasp the historical opportunity of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development, Yangtze river delta integration, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area construction, follow to improve industry core competitiveness, mobilize the vitality of innovation, build high-standard open economy, deepen ecological conservation by combining strategies of industrial upgrading, independent innovation, opening up and ecological civilization. By the method of working in concert to promote high-quality development in the northern, central and southern coastal areas, the leading role of coastal areas can be consolidated.

Key words: high-quality development, coastal areas, highlight problem, path design