地理学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (2): 261-276.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202102002

• 理论探索 • 上一篇    下一篇

发展地理学视角下中国区域均衡发展

邓祥征1,2,3(), 梁立1,2,3, 吴锋1,2, 王振波4, 何书金1   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院农业政策研究中心,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    4.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-01 修回日期:2021-01-25 出版日期:2021-02-25 发布日期:2021-04-25
  • 作者简介:邓祥征(1971-), 男, 山东日照人, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事发展地理学等相关领域研究。E-mail: dengxz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771568);北京市朝阳区社会发展科技计划项目(CYSF1906)

Chinese balanced regional development strategy from the perspective of development geography

DENG Xiangzheng1,2,3(), LIANG Li1,2,3, WU Feng1,2, WANG Zhenbo4, HE Shujin1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-01-01 Revised:2021-01-25 Published:2021-02-25 Online:2021-04-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771568);Social Development Science and Technology Project of Chaoyang District, Beijing, China(CYSF1906)

摘要:

区域差异大、发展不平衡是中国的基本国情,研究区域均衡发展问题是发展地理学领域的重大课题。本文首先回顾了中国的区域均衡发展历程,总结了各时期区域均衡发展的特征,研究指出,中国区域间发展呈现出均衡发展与非均衡发展演替的状态,每次演进使得社会的发展质量迈进新的台阶,逐渐走向高质量发展与区域均衡发展的状态。其次,本文探讨了当前区域均衡发展的科学内涵,强调要以可持续发展理论为指引,关注不同地区资源禀赋差异,解决经济、人、自然三者间的矛盾,促进区域发展的空间均衡与生态经济协调的绿色发展,最终落脚到区域人民生活福祉的均衡提升为区域均衡发展的最终目标。最后,本文以发展地理学的思维从社会、经济、生态三个方面探讨中国区域均衡发展的路径,为中国区域均衡发展和国民福祉的提升提出若干建议。

关键词: 区域发展, 均衡发展, 高质量发展, 发展路径, 发展地理学

Abstract:

Large regional differences and uneven regional development is fundamental of China. Regional balanced development is an important topic in the field of development geography. This study reviews the course of regional balanced development in China and summarize the characteristics of regional balanced development in each period. This study suggests that inter- regional development of China shows a state of succession between balanced development and non-balanced development. Each succession brings the quality of social development to a new level and gradually make social development move towards the state of high- quality development and balanced regional development. Then, this study discusses the scientific connotation of regional balanced development. Under the guidance of sustainable development theory, we should pay attention to the resource endowment difference in different area, solve the problem among economy, human and nature and promote spatial balance of regional development and green development of ecological economic coordination. The balanced promotion of regional people's well-being is the ultimate goal of regional balanced development. In the end, based on the thinking of development geography, this study discusses the path of regional balanced development in China from three aspects of society, economy and ecology. Suggestions are put forward for the balanced development of China's regions and the improvement of people's well-being.

Key words: regional development, balanced development, high-quality development, development pathways, development geography