地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (12): 2699-2715.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202012011

• 城市与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

适应人口发展的现代化综合交通运输体系研究

赵鹏军(), 吕迪, 胡昊宇, 曹毓书, 谢金芯, 庞亮, 曾良恩, 张听雨, 袁丹丹   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-30 修回日期:2020-11-30 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 作者简介:赵鹏军(1975-), 男, 陕西延安人, 博士, 教授, 研究领域包括交通地理学、交通与空间规划等。E-mail: pengjun.zhao@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41925003);国家发展改革委员会国家“十四五”规划前期重大问题研究课题(20181201)

Population-development oriented comprehensive modern transport system in China

ZHAO Pengjun(), LYU Di, HU Haoyu, CAO Yushu, XIE Jinxin, PANG Liang, ZENG Liang'en, ZHANG Tingyu, YUAN Dandan   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2020-03-30 Revised:2020-11-30 Published:2020-12-25 Online:2021-02-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41925003);The National Development and Reform Commission Key Research Project for the National 14th Five Year Plan(20181201)

摘要:

自国家“十五”规划起,中国现代化综合交通运输体系构建以填空白、补短板、大规模设施建设为主,但近年来人口的增长、流动、空间集聚和生活方式等均发生了新的显著变化。以人为本,科学实施“交通强国”国家战略,亟待开展适应人口发展的现代化综合交通运输体系研究。本文基于国家发展与改革委员会国家“十四五”规划前期重大问题研究的部分成果,从人口与交通系统耦合协同机制出发,在深入分析人口发展及其交通需求趋势的基础上,提出适应人口发展的中国综合交通体系“钻石战略”。以京津冀、长三角、粤港澳、成渝城市群为“钻石”四极,以京沪通道、沪粤通道、粤川通道、京川通道为四边,以长江水陆通道、京港澳通道为十字骨架,以人口流入流出高强度的节点地区为枢纽,并提出构建适应人口发展的现代化综合交通运输体系实施重点,支撑国家重大空间发展战略;实施交通强国、适应人口发展;以人民为中心,打造高品质交通服务。

关键词: 人口发展, 综合交通运输体系, 钻石战略, 交通强国

Abstract:

China's modernized transport strategies have been focused on building new infrastructures in areas with insufficient transport facilities, supplying the lack of new transport services, and investing in transport construction on a large scale since the 10th Five-Year Plan (2000-2005). However, these strategies are now facing new situations in population development, including population growth, migration, spatial relocation and agglomeration, and changes in lifestyle. It is imperative to investigate population-development oriented comprehensive modern transport system in order to implement people-oriented principles and the National Strategy of Strengthening Country in Transportation. This study presents some research results from the National Development and Reform Commission Key Research Project for the National 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025), "Population Development and Modern Transportation System Strategies in China". The study is based on theoretical mechanisms in the coupling and interaction between population and transport system. It conducts in-depth analyses on the new trends of population development and transport demand, and proposes a new "diamond" strategy for China's comprehensive transport system in order to cope with these new trends. According to this strategy, the new comprehensive modern transport system in China will have four "diamond pole" including Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and Chengdu-Chongqing region, four "diamond edges" including Beijing-Shanghai (Jing-Hu), Shanghai-Guangdong (Hu-Yue), Guangdong-Sichuan (Yue-Chuan), and Beijing-Sichuan (Jing-Chuan) transport corridors, two cross backbones including water transport along the Yangtze River and Beijing-Hong Kong-Macao transport corridors, and multiple transport hubs in cities with intensive intracity population movement flow. The study also proposes key missions to implement the new strategy in order to build population-development oriented comprehensive modern transport system in China, which includes supporting the national development and spatial plan, applying for the National Strategy of Strengthening Country in Transportation, and supplying high-quality transport services with a priority to the people.

Key words: population development, comprehensive modern transport system, "diamond" strategy, National Strategy of Strengthening Country in Transportation