地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (12): 2669-2683.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202012009

• 地理科学与资源研究所80周年学科建设发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

野外科学观测研究台站(网络)和科学数据中心建设发展

廖小罕1,2(), 封志明1, 高星1,2, 孙鸿烈1, 孙九林1,2, 于贵瑞1,3, 戴尔阜1,3, 占车生1,3, 马泽清1,3, 于秀波1,3, 何洪林1,3(), 杨雅萍1,2, 刘荣高1,2, 戴君虎1,4, 刘闯1, 王卷乐1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院生态系统网络观测与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    4.中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-29 修回日期:2020-12-10 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 作者简介:廖小罕(1963-), 男, 贵州人, 研究员, 主要从事无人机组网遥感应用、无人机航路规划、遥感大数据计算等研究。E-mail: liaoxh@igsnrr.ac.cn

The development of field scientific observation and research stations (networks) and scientific data centers

LIAO Xiaohan1,2(), FENG Zhiming1, GAO Xing1,2, SUN Honglie1, SUN Jiulin1,2, YU Guirui1,3, DAI Erfu1,3, ZHAN Chesheng1,3, MA Zeqing1,3, YU Xiubo1,3, HE Honglin1,3(), YANG Yaping1,2, LIU Ronggao1,2, DAI Junhu1,4, LIU Chuang1, WANG Juanle1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Patternand Monitoring, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-10-29 Revised:2020-12-10 Published:2020-12-25 Online:2021-02-25

摘要:

中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所成立80年来,十分重视野外台站(网络)和科学数据中心的建设,取得了辉煌成就。研究所建立了4个野外观测研究网络,引领了中国生态系统研究网络的建设与发展;成立了2个国家级科学数据中心,1个中国科学院数据中心,1个数据出版系统并于2016年加入了世界数据系统;拥有2个国家级野外观测研究站,1个中国科学院野外研究站,形成了独具特色的野外观测研究平台和数据共享服务平台。本文回顾了中国生态系统研究网络、国家生态系统观测研究网络、中国通量观测研究网络、中国物候观测网和禹城站、拉萨站、千烟洲站以及地球系统科学数据中心、生态科学数据中心、资源环境科学数据中心和全球变化科学研究数据出版系统的发展历程。地理资源所台站(网络)从无到有,不断发展壮大,引领了中国野外观测研究事业的发展,支撑了地理学、生态学等重要科学成果产出,科技支撑能力和示范能力大幅提升,有力支撑了华北平原、青藏高原以及南方山地丘陵区的生态文明建设;成为中国地球系统科学、野外台站、资源环境等学科和领域最大的科学数据汇聚中心,数据共享服务成效显著,在国内外具有广泛影响力。在未来发展中,地理资源所将充分发挥野外台站(网络)综合中心作用,强化生态系统、碳水通量、物候等观测研究网络的能力建设,稳步提升野外观测研究站条件保障能力和科学数据中心的数据汇聚能力、分析挖掘能力以及共享服务能力,持续推动和引领中国科学数据的共享,在科学研究和支撑国家需求等方面做出更大贡献。

关键词: 地理资源所, 观测研究网络, 野外台站, 数据中心, 发展历程, 建设成就与展望

Abstract:

Since the establishment of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) 80 years ago, great attentions have been paid to the construction of field stations (networks) and scientific data centers. With establishment of four field observation research networks, IGSNRR has made notable success and led the construction and development of China's ecosystem research networks. Moreover, IGSNRR formed a unique field observation research platform and data sharing service platform, with two national scientific data centers and one CAS data center, as well as two national field observation and research stations and one CAS field research station. (1) This article reviewed the developmental history of Chinese (National) Ecosystem Research Network (CERN/CNERN), Chinese terrestrial ecosystem flux observation and research network (ChinaFLUX), Chinese Phenological Observation Network (CPON), Yucheng Station, Lhasa Station, Qianyanzhou Station, National Earth System Science Data Center (NESSDC), National Ecosystem Science Data Center (NESDC) and Resource and Environmental Science and Data Center. (2) The stations (networks) of the IGSNRR have grown from scratch and kept growing to be stronger, which have led the development of field observation research in China, and well supported the outcomes of important scientific achievements in geography and ecology, etc. The capacities of scientific and technological support as well as demonstration-promotion in our networks have been greatly improved, which strongly supports the construction of ecological civilization in the North China Plain, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the southern mountainous and hilly areas. The networks of IGSNRR have become the largest scientific data center among the fields of earth system science, resources and environment science, and field station networks in China, with remarkable achievements in data sharing services and extensive influence both at home and abroad. (3) In the future, IGSNRR will give full play to the role of comprehensive center in field stations (networks), strengthen the construction capacity of observation and research networks such as ecosystem carbon and water flux, phenology, etc., and steadily improve the ability of condition guarantee for field observation and research stations, as well as of the data collection, analysis, mining, and sharing ability for scientific data centers. With these improvements, the networks of IGSNRR will continuously promote and lead the sharing of scientific data in China, make greater contributions to support scientific research and national needs.

Key words: Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, observation and research network, field station, data center, development history, achievements and prospects of construction