地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (12): 2620-2635.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202012006

• 地理科学与资源研究所80周年学科建设发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态系统科学研究与生态系统管理

于贵瑞(), 李文华, 邵明安, 张扬建(), 王绍强, 牛书丽, 何洪林, 戴尔阜, 李发东, 马泽清   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院生态系统网络观测与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-22 修回日期:2020-12-11 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 作者简介:于贵瑞(1959-), 男, 辽宁大连人, 研究员, 中国科学院院士, 主要从事生态学与自然地理学交叉研究。E-mail: yugr@igsnrr.ac.cn

Ecosystem science research and ecosystem management

YU Guirui(), LI Wenhua, SHAO Ming'an, ZHANG Yangjian(), WANG Shaoqiang, NIU Shuli, HE Honglin, DAI Erfu, LI Fadong, MA Zeqing   

  1. Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-10-22 Revised:2020-12-11 Published:2020-12-25 Online:2021-02-25

摘要:

中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所生态系统学科以生态系统生态学研究为核心,通过研制生态系统观测和模拟分析的技术和方法,探索解决区域性/大尺度生态学问题的理论和方法,监测生态系统变化,认知生态系统变化规律,推动生态系统生态学、生物地理生态学、全球变化生态学和生态信息科学技术的发展,创新生态系统管理模式,服务于国家和地方的生态建设、应对全球变化及区域可持续发展。面向国家重大需求,在中国华北平原农业区、南方红壤丘陵林业区、青藏高原农牧区以及黄土高原区等典型区域开展生态系统管理技术与模式的集成与创新研究,着力解决国家生态文明建设和应对全球气候变化中的重大生态学问题,推动区域生态系统管理领域的科技进步。围绕生态系统生态学学科前沿,着重在① 生态系统联网观测、模拟与信息管理,② 生态系统结构、过程与功能,③ 生态系统空间格局与机制,④ 生态系统对全球变化的响应与适应,⑤ 生态系统管理与生态系统服务等五大主要研究方向,系统开展生态系统生态学前沿理论和实践的创新研究,研究成果处于国内和国际生态学研究的科学前沿。

关键词: 生态系统, 生态信息, 全球变化, 生态系统管理, 生态系统服务, 可持续发展

Abstract:

Ecosystem ecology is the core content of ecosystem science in the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGNSRR). Our first mission is to develop techniques and methods of ecosystem monitoring and simulation, by which we explore the theories and pathways in solving eco-environmental issues at regional scales. Second, we monitor ecosystem changes, identify the dynamics and patterns, and advance the discipline developments of ecosystem ecology, biogeography ecology, global change ecology, and eco-informatics. Third, we serve for the national and regional ecological constructions by addressing issues related to global changes and regional sustainable developments. To meet national needs, we synthesize and innovate technique and modes of ecosystem management for typical regions of China, i.e. agricultural regions of northern China, hilly red soil forestry regions of southern China, agricultural and pastoral regions of the Tibetan Plateau and Loess Plateau. Utilizing these innovated management modes, we aim to solve fundamental problems in ecological construction and adapt to global changes, and facilitate science advance in regional ecosystem management. Our research directions comprise the following five fields: (1) network monitoring, simulation and ecosystem data management; (2) ecosystem structure, process and function; (3) ecosystem pattern and the underlying mechanism; (4) ecosystem responses and adaptation to global change; (5) ecosystem management and ecosystem services. Centered around the above five foci research directions, we systematically explore theories of ecosystem ecology and their applications, through which we position our research in frontier lines of China and the world.

Key words: ecosystem, eco-informatics, global change, ecosystem management, ecosystem services, sustainable development