地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (12): 2610-2619.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202012005

• 地理科学与资源研究所80周年学科建设发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

自然资源综合考察与资源科学综合研究

孙鸿烈1(), 石玉林1, 李文华1, 封志明1,2, 江东1,2()   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-21 修回日期:2020-11-16 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 作者简介:孙鸿烈(1932-), 男, 河南濮阳人, 研究员, 中国科学院院士, 研究方向为资源环境与区域发展综合研究。E-mail: sunhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA23000000)

Integrated survey of natural resources and comprehensive research of resources science

SUN Honglie1(), SHI Yulin1, LI Wenhua1, FENG Zhiming1,2, JIANG Dong1,2()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-09-21 Revised:2020-11-16 Published:2020-12-25 Online:2021-02-25
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA23000000)

摘要:

中华人民共和国成立以来,中国的资源科学研究在自然资源考察的基础上形成了一门综合性的学科体系。本文系统总结中国资源科学从自然资源综合考察到资源科学综合研究的发展历程,大致可划分为自然资源综合考察初期(20世纪50—60年代)、区域资源综合科学考察与资源科学研究时期(20世纪70—80年代)、资源科学学科体系的形成与发展时期(20世纪90年代—2000年)及现代资源科学迈向新发展时期(21世纪以来)等4个阶段,促进了中国自然资源的考察和开发利用事业不断向前发展,对中国资源科学形成与发展影响深远。当下面向生态文明建设和美丽中国建设两个国家先进发展需求,资源科学研究要以史为鉴,推陈出新,不断丰富学科的新概念、新知识与新方法,促进资源科学的蓬勃发展。

关键词: 自然资源, 综合考察, 资源科学, 资源综合研究

Abstract:

Over the past 70 years, resources science has been developed into a comprehensive disciplinary system from integrated surveys of natural resources. Recalling the development of resource science since the founding of China in 1949, it could be divided into four main research stages, namely, stage of early surveys of natural resources (1950-1965), stage of regional comprehensive scientific investigation and resources science research (1970s-1980s), stage of the formation and advancement of Chinese resources science disciplinary system (1990s-2000s), and the new development period of modern resources science (since the 21st century). This has promoted the development of comprehensive investigation of natural resources, and greatly influenced the formation and development of resources science in China. To meet the major needs of the ecological civilization and beautiful China, the resources science research is supposed to continue innovation efforts, enrich and develop the new knowledge, new thinking and new theory, to promote the development of the discipline.

Key words: natural resources, integrated survey, resources science, comprehensive research of resources