地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (12): 2570-2592.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202012003

• 地理科学与资源研究所80周年学科建设发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

人文与经济地理学的发展和展望

陆大道(), 刘彦随(), 方创琳, 陈明星, 王姣娥, 席建超   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-17 修回日期:2020-11-29 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 作者简介:陆大道(1940-), 男, 研究员, 中国科学院院士, 中国地理学会会员(S110001709H), 主要从事生产力布局、国土开发、区域发展和城镇化问题研究。E-mail: ludd@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41931293);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA230703)

Development and prospect of human-economic geography

LU Dadao(), LIU Yansui(), FANG Chuanglin, CHEN Mingxing, WANG Jiaoe, XI Jianchao   

  1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-10-17 Revised:2020-11-29 Published:2020-12-25 Online:2021-02-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41931293);Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA230703)

摘要:

人文地理学是地理学三大分支学科之一。1940年中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所成立以来,人文与经济地理学经历了萌芽、上升、成熟、波动和大发展等几个重要阶段,在科学研究、人才培养、服务国家战略决策等方面取得了突出进展和显著成效。经济地理、农业地理、工业地理、交通地理、城市地理、乡村地理、旅游地理与区域可持续发展等学科领域研究取得了开创性成就,带动了中国人文与经济地理学的整体创新和发展。研究所主持完成了系列国家重大任务,在农业区划与土地利用、工业基地建设与交通布局、城镇体系建设与城镇化、区域发展与规划等领域取得了系列重大成果,为服务支撑国家发展战略,引领人文与经济地理学发展做出了重要贡献。本文对80年来地理资源所人文与经济地理学科的建立与成长历程、研究领域、研究队伍和学术成果,以及在服务国家和地区经济社会发展中发挥作用方面进行了系统梳理;通过遴选地理资源所人文与经济地理学者发表的6216篇文献(中文文献4576篇,英文文献1640篇),梳理分析了几个主要阶段的人文与经济地理学研究进展及其学术成果。面向国家生态文明建设、新型城镇化、乡村振兴、美丽中国建设战略,亟需创新人文与经济地理学前沿理论、创建交叉新型学科体系,对进一步强化国土空间治理、区域可持续发展、人地系统科学与国家现代化地理学创新等重点研究领域和方向提出了新的思考与展望。

关键词: 人文与经济地理学, 人地关系地域系统, 点—轴系统, 区域可持续发展, 人地系统科学

Abstract:

Human geography is one of the three major branches of geography. Since the establishment of Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGSNRR, CAS) in 1940, human-economic geography has gone through several important periods, such as budding, rise, maturity, fluctuation and prosperity. Outstanding progress and remarkable results have been achieved in scientific research, cultivation of talents and service of national strategic decision-making. Pioneering achievements have been made in the study of economic geography, agricultural geography, industrial geography, transportation geography, urban geography, rural geography, tourism geography and regional sustainable development, which has driven the overall innovation and development of China's human-economic geography. The IGSNRR has undertaken a series of national tasks and attained major achievements in the fields of agricultural regional planning and land use research, industrial base construction and transportation layout, urban system construction and urbanization, regional development and planning. And it has made important contributions to supporting the national strategy and leading the development of human-economic geography. This research made a systematic review of the establishment and growth history, research fields, research teams and academic achievements of the human-economic geography of IGSNRR in the past 80 years, as well as its role in serving national and regional economic and social development. Through selecting 6216 papers (4576 in Chinese and 1640 in English) published by the human-economic geographers of the IGSNRR, research progress and academic achievements in stages are reviewed. Finally, new consideration and prospect were proposed to face the ecological civilization construction, new urbanization, rural revitalization strategy and beautiful China construction. Our purposes are to innovate the frontier theory of human-economic geography and establish a new interdisciplinary system, and strive to strengthen research on territorial space governance, regional sustainable development, human-earth system science, urbanization and rural revitalization, and innovation of national modern geography.

Key words: human-economic geography, human-earth areal system, point-axis system, regional sustainable development, human-earth system science