地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (12): 2547-2569.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202012002

• 地理科学与资源研究所80周年学科建设发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

自然地理学创新发展与展望

刘昌明1,2(), 郑度1,3, 崔鹏1,3, 葛全胜1,3, 刘纪远1,3, 吴绍洪1,3(), 汤秋鸿1,2, 宋献方1,2, 杨林生1,3   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院陆地水循环与地表过程重点实验室,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-27 修回日期:2020-11-29 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 作者简介:刘昌明(1934-), 男, 湖南汨罗人, 研究员, 中国科学院院士, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110001654H), 主要从事水文学与水资源研究。E-mail: liucm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41530749)

Innovative development and prospect of physical geography

LIU Changming1,2(), ZHENG Du1,3, CUI Peng1,3, GE Quansheng1,3, LIU Jiyuan1,3, WU Shaohong1,3(), TANG Qiuhong1,2, SONG Xianfang1,2, YANG Linsheng1,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-10-27 Revised:2020-11-29 Published:2020-12-25 Online:2021-02-25
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41530749)

摘要:

自然地理学自中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所建立以来一直是立所的核心学科,长期以服务国家重大需求为使命,在综合自然地理、气候、地貌、水文、土壤地理、生物地理、化学地理等各学科领域取得一批重要科技成果和进展,奠定了自然地理各分支学科在国内外的优势,为国家科技创新、区域经济社会可持续发展做出了重要贡献。本文回顾了中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所自然地理学的创新发展历程,总结了自然地理学取得的学术成就与标志性进展,并展望了中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所自然地理学未来发展,提出以陆地表层要素—过程交互作用机制,陆地表层格局动态研究,陆地表层系统过程的综合集成与模拟,陆地表层系统有序人类活动的可持续范式和调控机制为核心的发展战略。

关键词: 自然地理学, 创新发展, 成果, 发展战略, 地理科学与资源研究所

Abstract:

Physical geography (PG) has always been the core discipline of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGSNRR, CAS) since its establishment in 1940. It aims to serve the grand needs of national development. PG has made significant scientific and technological achievements and progress in the fields of comprehensive physical geography, climatology, geomorphology, hydrology, soil geography, biogeography, chemical geography, etc. These achievements have set up the worldwide priority status of PG, and made great contributions to the scientific and technological innovation, regional sustainable economic and social development. This paper reviews the innovative development of PG in the IGSNRR, summarizes the academic achievements and landmark progress, and looks forward to the future development strategy. Four key points are presented including the interaction mechanism of land surface elements-process, the dynamics of land surface pattern, the comprehensive integration and simulation of process of land surface system, and the sustainable paradigm and regulation mechanism of orderly human activities of land surface system.

Key words: physical geography, innovative development, achievements, development strategy, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research