地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (11): 2408-2416.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202011010

• 生态文明与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

人类世可持续发展背景下的远程耦合框架及其应用

孙晶1(), 刘建国2, 杨新军3, 赵福强4, 覃驭楚5, 姚莹莹6, 王放7, 伦飞8, 王洁晶9, 秦波9, 刘涛10, 张丛林11, 黄宝荣11, 程叶青12, 石金莲13, 张劲松14, 唐华俊1, 杨鹏1, 吴文斌1()   

  1. 1. 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京 100081
    2. 密歇根州立大学系统整合与可持续发展中心,美国 东兰辛 48823
    3. 西北大学城市与环境学院经济地理与规划系,西安 710127
    4. 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所,沈阳 110016
    5. 中国科学院空天信息创新研究院 遥感科学国家重点实验室,北京 100094
    6. 西安交通大学人居环境与建筑工程学院地球环境科学系,西安 710054
    7. 复旦大学生命科学学院,上海 200433
    8. 中国农业大学土地科学与技术学院土地资源管理系,北京 100193
    9. 中国人民大学公共管理学院城市规划与管理系,北京 100872
    10. 北京大学城市与环境学院城市与区域规划系,北京 100871
    11. 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院,北京 100090
    12. 海南师范大学地理与环境科学学院,海口 571158
    13. 北京工商大学国际经管学院国际旅游管理系,北京 102488
    14. 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所,北京 100091
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-27 修回日期:2020-07-10 出版日期:2020-11-25 发布日期:2021-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 吴文斌
  • 作者简介:孙晶(1982-), 男, 天津人, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事人地系统耦合、环境可持续等方面的研究。E-mail: sunjing@caas.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871356);美国科学基金项目(1924111)

Sustainability in the Anthropocene: Telecoupling framework and its applicationss

SUN Jing1(), LIU Jianguo2, YANG Xinjun3, ZHAO Fuqiang4, QIN Yuchu5, YAO Yingying6, WANG Fang7, LUN Fei8, WANG Jiejing9, QIN Bo9, LIU Tao10, ZHANG Conglin11, HUANG Baorong11, CHENG Yeqing12, SHI Jinlian13, ZHANG Jinsong14, TANG Huajun1, YANG Peng1, WU Wenbin1()   

  1. 1. Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
    2. Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48823, USA
    3. Department of Economic Geography and Planning, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    4. Institute of Applied Ecology, CAS, Shenyang 110016, China
    5. State Key Lab of Remote Sensing Sciences, Aerospace Information Research Institute, CAS, Beijing 100094, China
    6. Department of Environmental Science, School of Human Settlements and Civil Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710054, China
    7. School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
    8. Department of Land Resource Management, College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    9. Department of Uran Planning and Management, School of Public Administration and Policy, Renmin University, Beijing 100872, China
    10. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    11. Institutes of Science and Development, CAS, Beijing 100090, China
    12. College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, China
    13. Department of International Tourism Management, School of International Economics Management, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 102488, China
    14. Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
  • Received:2019-10-27 Revised:2020-07-10 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2021-01-25
  • Contact: WU Wenbin
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871356);US National Science Foundation(1924111)

摘要:

在全球一体化进程不断加深的背景下,国家与地区之间的联系日益紧密,产生了一系列跨国家、跨地区、多尺度的社会—经济—环境影响,远程耦合(Telecoupling,社会、经济、环境的远距离相互作用)科学概念和综合框架的提出为解决上述问题提供了新方法和新途径。为更好促进远程耦合综合框架的正确使用和规范推广,本文系统解析了远程耦合综合框架,厘清各组成部分的定义和功能,梳理了框架的应用现状;通过对3个中国典型案例的阐释,展示了远程耦合综合框架的使用方法、结果分析及由此得出的科学意义和政策价值;最后描述了远程耦合综合框架使用中需要重点关注的问题,并对其应用前景进行了展望。远程耦合综合框架的推广应用有助于以跨国家、跨地区、多尺度的视角,重新审视多个人类与自然耦合系统的相互作用,揭示隐藏的远距离地理空间作用的科学价值,服务于有关政策的制定和实施,促进全球社会、经济、环境的可持续发展。

关键词: 远程耦合, 人类与自然耦合系统, 调水, 粮食贸易, 自然保护区, 系统反馈

Abstract:

With increasing global integration, distant coupled human and natural systems have more interactions than ever before, which often lead to unexpected outcomes with profound implications for sustainability. The integrated framework of telecoupling (socioeconomic and environmental interactions over distances) has been proposed to address such cross-border and cross-scale challenges, helping better evaluate and understand telecouplings. We first provide an introduction to the telecoupling framework, including components, definitions, and functions, and then offer an overview of the growing number of telecoupling studies. Particularly, we use three Chinese cases to illustrate the methods, results, significance, and implications of applying the telecoupling framework. We also point out some research gaps and critical unsolved questions in the applications. The telecoupling framework provides a powerful tool to incorporate feedbacks, trade-offs, and synergies across multiple coupled human and natural systems, and helps improve the understanding of distant interactions and the effectiveness of policies for socioeconomic and environmental sustainability across local to global levels.

Key words: telecoupling, coupled human and natural systems, water transfer, food trade, natural conservation area, system feedbacks