地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (11): 2362-2379.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202011007

• 土地利用与农业发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

耕地利用转型中的生物灾害脆弱性研究

宋小青1,2(), 申雅静1, 王雄1, 李心怡1   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学(武汉)地理与信息工程学院 空间规划与人地系统模拟研究中心,武汉 430074
    2. 国土资源评价与利用湖南省重点实验室,长沙 410007
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-06 修回日期:2020-08-27 出版日期:2020-11-25 发布日期:2021-01-25
  • 作者简介:宋小青(1984-), 男, 湖北荆州人, 博士, 副教授, 博导, 中国地理学会会员(S110008928M), 主要从事人地系统转型、空间规划与国土多功能利用研究。E-mail: sonniasxq@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401191);国家自然科学基金项目(41871094);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金(18YJAZH078);湖南省重点领域研发计划项目(2019SK2101);国土资源评价与利用湖南省重点实验室开放课题(SYS-MT-202002)

Vulnerability to biological disasters: A novel field of cultivated land use transition research

SONG Xiaoqing1,2(), SHEN Yajing1, WANG Xiong1, LI Xinyi1   

  1. 1. Research Center for Spatial Planning and Human-Environment System Simulation, School of Geography and Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
    2. Hunan Key Lab of Land & Resource Evaluation & Utilization, Changsha 410007, China
  • Received:2020-05-06 Revised:2020-08-27 Published:2020-11-25 Online:2021-01-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41401191);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871094);Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education Planning Fund(18YJAZH078);Key Research and Development Program of Hunan Province(2019SK2101);The Open Fund of Hunan Key Laboratory of Land Resources Evaluation and Utilization(SYS-MT-202002)

摘要:

学术界迫切需要探索新的领域以提升耕地利用转型综合研究水平。本文从农业生物灾害切入,耦合耕地利用“趋利避害”动机与农业诱致性生产替代行为,基于“经济社会环境—耕地利用活动—生物灾害反馈—灾害防治应对”社会生态交互逻辑,建立了耕地利用生物灾害脆弱性转型理论框架。在国家、农业区、省级尺度开展了1988—2017年脆弱性转型研究。结果表明:① 脆弱性在国家、省级尺度发生了转型。在国家尺度,1988—2009年,脆弱性值从15.33%增长到22.45%,而2010—2017年从22.40%下降到19.49%。在省级尺度,脆弱性存在2条典型转型路径;② 在农业区尺度,脆弱性转型主要源自因城乡收入比缩小和劳均耕地提升而带来的暴露度下降,其次源自因生物灾害损失挽回率提升和生物灾害防治失控率下降而带来的应对能力提升。脆弱性转型后,主要源自作物多样性下降和化肥使用强度上升带来的敏感性继续增强。本文发展了耕地利用转型研究的综合性,论证了耕地利用生物灾害脆弱性有望成为耕地利用转型综合研究的新领域,并探讨了脆弱性管控政策。

关键词: 土地利用转型, 耕地, 生物灾害, 诱致性生产替代, 脆弱性, 时空变化

Abstract:

There is an urgent need to explore a novel field to enhance the comprehensive research of cultivated land use transition. Simultaneously, few studies on the coupling research of cultivated land use pattern and function transition have been done so far. Based on these considerations, we aim at presenting a novel field of cultivated land use transition research from the perspective of cultivated land use vulnerability to biological disasters (CLUVBD). First, this study integrates the motivations of profit-seeking and loss-avoiding and induced substitution in agricultural production from the perspective of agricultural biological disasters, thus establishing a theoretical framework of the transition in CLUVBD based on the socio-ecological interaction logic of "socio-economic environment - cultivated land use - feedback of biological disasters - disaster prevention and control". Then, CLUVBD transition was diagnosed and analyzed at the national, regional, and provincial levels between 1988 and 2017 using the logic growth model, single-factor simulation, and panel data regression model. Results show that CLUVBD transition is remarkable at both national and provincial levels. The value of CLUVBD at the national level firstly increased from 15.33% to 22.45% in 1988-2009 and then decreased from 22.40% to 19.49% in 2010-2017. The transition at the provincial level shows two typical pathways. Decrease of CLUVBD is mainly derived from the decline in exposure due to the narrowing of urban-rural income ratio and the increase in cultivated land area per capita of agricultural employee, followed by the increase of adaptive capacity due to the increase of retrieved grain loss ratio and the failure ratio of biological disaster prevention. Meanwhile, as CLUVBD value turns to decrease, the sensitivity increases, which is mainly due to the decline in crop diversity and the increase of fertilizer use intensity in cultivated land. The study demonstrates that CLUVBD is expected to become a novel field of comprehensive study on cultivated land use transition. In addition, the policy proposals on CLUVBD control are also discussed.

Key words: land use transition, cultivated land, biological disasters, induced substitution in agricultural production, vulnerability, spatio-temporal change