地理学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (11): 2283-2297.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202011001

• 国家自然科学基金地理科学方向优化 •    下一篇

国家自然科学基金地理科学申请代码的调整优化

熊巨华1(), 王佳1,2, 史云飞1,3, 李飞1,4, 张新林1,5, 耿豪鹏1,6, 张晴1,7, 官冬杰1,8, 王天富1,9   

  1. 1. 国家自然科学基金委员会地球科学部,北京 100085
    2. 北京林业大学林学院,北京 100083
    3. 临沂大学资源环境学院,临沂 276000
    4. 西北大学城市与环境学院,西安 710127
    5. 江苏师范大学地理测绘与城乡规划学院,徐州 221116
    6. 兰州大学资源环境学院,兰州 730000
    7. 中国科学院大气物理研究所大气边界层物理和大气化学国家重点实验室,北京 100029
    8. 重庆交通大学建筑与城市规划学院,重庆 400074
    9. 上海交通大学环境科学与工程学院,上海 200240
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-23 修回日期:2020-11-09 出版日期:2020-11-25 发布日期:2021-01-25
  • 作者简介:熊巨华(1966-), 男, 湖北天门人, 研究员, 从事自然科学基金管理工作。E-mail: xiongjh@nsfc.gov.cn

Adjustment and optimization of geographical sciences application code of NSFC

XIONG Juhua1(), WANG Jia1,2, SHI Yunfei1,3, LI Fei1,4, ZHANG Xinlin1,5, GENG Haopeng1,6, ZHANG Qing1,7, GUAN Dongjie1,8, WANG Tianfu1,9   

  1. 1. Department of Earth Science, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing 100085, China
    2. School of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
    3. School of Resources and Environment, Linyi University, Linyi, 276000, Shandong, China
    4. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    5. School of Geography, Geomatics and Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
    6. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
    7. Institute of Atmospheric Physics, CAS, Beijing 100029, China
    8. College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing 400074, China
    9. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
  • Received:2020-10-23 Revised:2020-11-09 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2021-01-25

摘要:

学科申请代码调整优化是国家自然科学基金委员会“科学基金学科布局改革”任务的重要组成部分和切入点。本文回顾了地理学科申请代码的历史沿革,系统梳理了当前版本地理学科申请代码存在的问题,论述了新版(2021版)申请代码体系的架构理念、遵循原则、形成过程,着重阐释了新申请代码的历史沿革、科学内涵与学科定位。新版申请代码体系较以往版本有以下4个显著特征:① 逻辑更自洽,一级代码名称由“地理学(D01)”改为“地理科学(D01)”;② 学科更融合,取消三级申请代码,仅设二级申请代码,更能体现学科的交叉融合;③ 领域更全面,针对学科发展趋势及经济社会发展需求,增加了“灾害地理”“土地科学”“地理大数据与空间智能”等新兴学科、领域的代码;④ 技术更重视,增设“地理观测与模拟技术”,鼓励面向地理科学问题研究所需关键工具、仪器的研制。

关键词: 地理科学, 学科代码, 学科内涵

Abstract:

The adjustment and optimization of discipline application code is an important part and breakthrough point of the task of "science foundation discipline layout reform" of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). This paper reviewed the historical evolution of the application code of geography discipline, systematically sorted out the problems existing in the current version of the application code for geography discipline, discussed the framework concept, principles and formation process of the new version (2021 Edition) application code system, and emphatically explained the historical evolution, scientific connotation and discipline orientation of the new application code. Compared with the previous versions, the new version of the application code system has the following four unique features: (1) The logic of the system is more reasonable; the first level code name has been changed from "Geography (D01)" to "Geographical Science (D01)". (2) The disciplines are more integrated by setting the second-level application code instead of the three-level application code, which can better reflect the interdisciplinary integration. (3) The fields are more comprehensive; according to the development trend of disciplines and the needs of economic and social development, codes of emerging disciplines and fields such as "disaster geography", "land science", and "geographic big data and spatial intelligence" have been added to the list. (4) More attention has been given to technology, namely, "geographic observation and simulation tools" are identified to encourage the development of key tools and instruments for the research of geographical issues.

Key words: geographical sciences, discipline code, discipline connotation